Le Mouret (? Freiburg Patois Moure / i ) is a municipality in the District de la Sarine ( German: Sarine district) of the Canton of Fribourg in Switzerland. The former German name Muret ( for the hamlet of Le Mouret ) is no longer used today. The municipality was established on 1 January 2003 as merger of the former municipalities Bonnefontaine, Essert (FR), Montévraz, Upper Ried (FR), Praroman and Zénauva.
Le Mouret is located at 754 meters above sea level. M., 7 km south of the capital of the canton of Fribourg (air line). The community extends into the valley of the Ruisseau du Pontet, in the Alpine foothills region the Fribourg Mittelland, at the northern foot of the ridge of the Berra. Le Mouret is part of the agglomeration of Freiburg, the urban environs of the city of Freiburg.
The area of 18.5 km ² large municipality area includes a portion of the higher Freiburg Central Plateau on the northern edge of the Alps. The entire municipality is the Nesslerabach to Ärgera (French: Gérine ) drained. This stream is composed of the water numerous Burger forest on the northern slopes of the Petit Cousimbert springing source streams together: from west to east, these are the Ruisseau du Pontet, the village stream of Zénauva, the Ruisseau de Montécu and Rüdigrabenbach ( forms the eastern boundary of the municipality ).
The southern boundary runs along the ridge between the Petit Cousimbert ( 1,530 m above sea level with. M. the highest point of Le Mouret ) and the Chrüzflue ( 1,263 m above sea level. M. ). The northern slope of this ridge is densely forested ( Wald ) and divided by the Erosionstälchen the various streams. North to the forested slope includes a partly forested, partly covered with meadows and pastures hill zone in the Feyla 1,086 m above sea level. M. is reached and, in turn, strongly structured by the headwaters of the Nesslerabachs. Continue northwards to follow the up to 1 km wide valley basin of the Ruisseau du Pontet, the main settlement area of the municipality of Le Mouret, and the meadow height of Praroman ( 791 m above sea level. M. ). To the west of the municipality of soil ranges south of the Bois d' amont and the forest hill Bois Derrey in a small valley ( 886 m above sea level. M. ). From the municipality surface 1997 7 % was attributable to settlements, 43 % of forest and woody plants, 49 % in agriculture and somewhat less than 1% was unproductive land.
Le Mouret is a scattered settlement community consisting of a number of villages and hamlets, some of which were split prior to the merger by the numerous municipal boundaries and assigned to different communities:
- Praroman, 779 m above sea level. M., on a hill north of the Ruisseau du Pontet, 1165 inhabitants
- Moulin à Bentz, 740 m above sea level. M., at the Ruisseau du Pontet
- Le Mouret, 754 m above sea level. M., at the Ruisseau du Pontet; the western part of the settlement belongs to the political community Ferpicloz
- Le Pafuet, 741 m above sea level. M., in the valley south of the Ruisseau du Pontet
- Essert (FR), 818 m above sea level. M., on the eastern slopes of the hill forest Bois Derrey, 259 inhabitants
- Montévraz lingerie, 871 m above sea level. M., at the northern foot of the Petit Cousimbert, 529 inhabitants
- Montévraz -Dessus, 908 m above sea level. M., at the northern foot of the Petit Cousimbert
- Montembloud, 797 m above sea level. M., on the hill between the Ruisseau du Pontet and the village stream of Zénauva
- Zénauva, 798 m above sea level. M., in the valley of the village Bach, 142 inhabitants
- Upper Ried (FR), 807 m above sea level. M., north on a terrace of Feyla, 154 inhabitants
- Montécu, 765 m above sea level. M., on the hillside west of the Ruisseau de Montécu
- Bonnefontaine, 766 m above sea level. M., on the hillside east of the Ruisseau de Montécu, 507 inhabitants
In addition, include numerous farmsteads and settlements of Le Mouret. Neighboring communities of Le Mouret are Villarsel -sur- Marly, Tentlingen, St. Silvester, Plasselb, La Roche, Treyvaux, Senèdes, Ferpicloz and Ependes.
With 3022 inhabitants ( 31 December 2012) Le Mouret is one of the medium-sized municipalities in the canton of Fribourg. Of the 88.3 % inhabitants are French-speaking, German-speaking 8.9 % and 0.9 % speak Portuguese (as of 2000). The population of Le Mouret amounted in 1900 to 1489 inhabitants ( all former municipalities included). During the 20th century, the population fluctuated in the range of 1470-1670 people. Since 1970 (1542 inhabitants) a significant population growth was recorded. The main growth is limited to the village and the settlement Praroman Le Mouret, while the remaining villages grow only slowly.
Le Mouret was until the second half of the 20th century, a predominantly shaped by the agriculture community. Previously, various mills, saw mills and forges were operated along the streams. In the 19th century, the straw-plaiting was widespread. Even today, the dairy and livestock and to a lesser extent agriculture a certain role in the occupational structure of the population.
Many other jobs are in the local retail industry and the services available. In Le Mouret in the municipality of Ferpicloz since the 17th century there was a brickyard. Major industrial zones, there are today in the valley of the Ruisseau du Pontet at Le Mouret and Moulin à Bentz. In the community, especially companies in the construction and transportation industries, as well as wood processing, wood construction and computer science are represented. In recent decades, the village has developed into a residential community. Many workers are therefore commuters who work mainly in the region of Freiburg.
Above Upper Ried The institute is Les Peupliers (formerly called Sonnenwil ), which houses a nursing home as well as an institution for maladjusted. The Grande Riedera Castle at Essert serves as a cultural center.
The community is conveniently technically quite well developed. The settlement Le Mouret is on the main road from Fribourg to Bulle via La Roche. By bus Transports Publics Fribourgeois that respectively from Freiburg via La Roche to Bulle to Jaun and run from Freiburg to Bonnefontaine, Le Mouret is connected to the public transport network. Essert, Montévraz, Zénauva and upper Ried do not have direct access to public transport.
In the municipality of Le Mouret had since the Middle Ages, the monastery Hauterive rich land and clearing rights in the woods. Additional property belonged to the lords of Arconciel, Ependes and Marly. In the 15th century the entire municipality came under the rule of Freiburg and the Old Landscape ( Burgpanner ) has been assigned. After the collapse of the ancien régime (1798 ) included the villages of Le Mouret during the Helvetic the district of La Roche and from 1803 to the district of Freiburg, before they were incorporated in 1848 with the new cantonal constitution in the Sarine district.
In 1996 the idea of a large-scale community fusion arose. On 13 June 2002, the voters of all communities voted a yes - average share of 75 % for fusion. Therefore, the previously independent municipalities Bonnefontaine, Essert (FR), Montévraz, Upper Ried (FR), Praroman and Zénauva been merged with effect from 1 January 2003. The new church was named Le Mouret, according to the trade settlement, at the Praroman, Zénauva, Essert and Ferpicloz had share. The latter took part at the beginning also the fusion project, but dropped out later and still forms a separate municipality. The name Le Mouret was already before the merger for various inter- municipal -run organizations and sports clubs.