Lenin Peace Prize
The International Lenin Prize for the consolidation of peace between peoples ( until 1955: International Stalin Prize for the consolidation of peace between peoples ) was founded on the occasion of the seventieth birthday of Joseph Stalin from the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR on 20 December 1949. He has been awarded annually in Moscow.
The award was in response to the Soviet Union on the Nobel Peace Prize and was awarded by an international prize committee. As a rule each several people were excellent. Chairman of the Prize Committee was 1950-1973 the physicist Dmitri Skobelzyn, then until 1987 the Oncologist Nikolai Blokhin and finally, after the reorganization of the price in 1989, the welding engineer Borys Paton.
In the course of de-Stalinization of the name was changed to International Lenin Prize for the consolidation of peace between peoples (Russian Международная Ленинская премия « За укрепление мира между народами ") by decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of 6 September 1956. All previous winners were then invited to send their medals for exchange. In the period following the announcement of the winners not to Stalin's birthday in December, but usually took place on 1 May.
On 11 December 1989, the awarding of the prize by the Supreme Soviet was revised. This should be done from now on, every two years; or of the winners should be announced each Lenin's birthday, April 22. Until the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, only one award was made under the new scheme.