Les Nans is a commune in the French department of Jura in the Franche -Comté.
Les Nans lies at 670 m above sea level. M., approximately seven kilometers northeast of the city Champagnole (air line). The farming village extends in the Jura, in a closed basin at the upper Angillon, between the heights of the Forêt de la face the west and the Forêt de la Joux in the east.
The area of 8.05 km ² municipal area includes a portion of the French Jura. The central part of the area is occupied by a oriented in a north-south direction basin, the average at 660 m above sea level. M. lies and has a maximum width of one kilometers and a length of about four kilometers. At the base of a cliff on the eastern edge of the valley of the Angillon, the first flows north and drains the area to the Ain springs. Flanked the valley of Les Nans on all sides by about 200 m high cliffs, where various local rock faces emerge. In the west the boundary runs along the crest of the Jura Forêt de la face ( 886 m above sea level. M. ). To the east, the municipality's area extends to the edge of the plateau of the second Jura plateau and reaches to the Sauget ( Forêt de la Joux ) with 906 m above sea level. M. the highest elevation of Les Nans.
At Les Nans Nans part of the hamlet of Petit (660 m above sea level. M. ) in the valley of Angillon. Neighboring municipalities of Les Nans are Chapois in the north, and Onglières Mournans - Charbonny in the east, Équevillon in the south and Saint- Germain -en- Montagne, Moutoux, Le Latet and Le Larderet in the West.
Is first mentioned Les Nans in the 13th century. Since the Middle Ages Les Nans formed its own little rule. In 1479 the city was awarded certain liberties. The castle was built by troops of King Louis XI. destroyed. Together with the Franche -Comté came Les Nans with the Peace of Nijmegen in 1678 to France.
Built in the 16th century village church of Les Nans has a Gothic portal and a remarkable wooden pulpit. From the castle La Berne from the 13th century ruins are preserved. Among the natural attractions include the karst spring of Angillon and the Grottes de la Doye.
With 90 inhabitants (as of 1 January 2011) Les Nans one of the smallest towns in the Jura. After the population had decreased significantly in the first half of the 20th century (1886 225 people were still counted ), only relatively small fluctuations were recorded since the early 1960s.
Economy and infrastructure
Les Nans was until well into the 20th century a predominantly coined by agriculture and forestry village. In addition, there are today some of the local small business enterprises, mainly wood processing (furniture, toys). Many workers are also commuters who engage in the larger towns in the vicinity of their work.
The village is located off the major thoroughfares on a secondary road that leads from Équevillon via Les Nans after Chapois. Another road connection with Moutoux.
Andelot -en- Montagne | Ardon | Bourg -de- Sirod | Champagnole | Chapois | Châtelneuf | Cize | Crotenay | Équevillon | Le Larderet | Le Latet | Lent | Loulle | Monnet -la -Ville | Mont- sur- Monnet | Montigny- sur- l'Ain | Montrond | Moutoux | Les Nans | Ney | Le Pasquier | Pillemoine | Pont -du- Navoy | Saint- Germain -en- Montagne | Sapois | Sirod | Supt | Syam | Valempoulières | Vannoz | Le Vaudioux | verse -en- Montagne
- Commune in the department of Jura
- Place in Franche -Comté