Lesser Poland

Lesser Poland ( since the Middle Ages Latin Polonia Minor, Polish Malopolska ) is originally the name for the southern part of the old Polish state 's economic centers of Krakow, Lublin, Zamość and Sandomierz, the Duchy of Lesser Poland. While they belong to Poland you summed up the Ukrainian territories of Galicia, Podolia, Volhynia, among others also in the term. The Malopolska province existed until 1772.

Name and meaning

The original name Polonia minor ( for Lesser Poland ) has nothing to do with the territorial size of the area, but with the accession to the existing Polonia maior in 999 aptly than Malopolska and Wielkopolska would therefore translations Neupolen and Altpolen.


According to the latest administrative division of Poland, Lesser Poland extends to today's voivodeships of Lesser Poland, Holy Cross and the western parts of the provinces of Lublin and Subcarpathian as well as smaller parts of the provinces of Silesia ( north and east ), Łódź ( east ) and Mazovia ( south ).


It is distinguished by the Vistula River, with its numerous tributaries. The region also share in the Tatras with the winter sports area around the town of Zakopane.




Regions in Lesser Poland are:

  • Podhale ( Subcarpathian ) Nowy Targ and Zakopane with
  • Powiśle Lublin Opole Lublin with
  • Sądecczyzna
  • Zagłębie Dąbrowskie
  • Zagłębie Krakowskie
  • Żywiecczyzna


Before the conquest by the Polanenherzog Bolesław I the Brave was Chrobatien, or White Croatia. The land around Sandomierz is partially viewed as a separate duchy. Also in 999 AD parts of Silesia and a short time were then Lusatia, Bohemia and Moravia captured shortly by Boleslaw I..

As a result of the partitions of Poland were the largest parts of the Ukrainian lands and the southern half of Poland since the 10th century territories to Austria and became the Kingdom of Galicia in the Austro-Hungarian monarchy, the Ukrainian lands as Eastern Galicia, originally Polish territories as western Galicia were designated. The northern parts of the original Polish territories or parts of Podolia and Volhynia came as a result of the partitions of Poland to Russia.