Liangzhu culture

Under Liangzhu culture (Chinese良渚 文化, pinyin liángzhǔ Wenhua ) is defined as a collective term for grave excavations of Chinese culture in the late Neolithic on the southeast coast of China.

In the 1970s and 1980s, archaeologists discovered in the area of ​​Taihu Lake in the lower Yangtze valley in China Late Neolithic graves. They date from the period 3400-2000 BC, was found in these graves more than 5,000 jade pieces, including perforated plates and tubes. This should have been ritual objects that gave the king. Their use was associated with the worship of heaven and earth.

Most of the jade stones are made of nephrite. On your creatures are depicted, which, because it is believed that the use of metal was still strange, in all probability, were carved with shark teeth. The excavations show the great importance that Jade had at that time in this region. From the text Zhouli ( The Rites of Zhou ), which originated in about 400-300 BC, shows that this Jade Objects during the Zhou dynasty ( 1000 - 221 BC ) were still using.

Major sites of Liangzhu culture are the Fanshan - site, Yaoshan - site, Yuhang - site, Sidun - site, Mojiaoshan - site and the Huiguanshan - site.