Liebherr- International S. A. based in Bulle in Switzerland is the parent company of a group of companies manufacturers of cranes, construction vehicles, aerospace equipment, traffic engineering, machine tools and household appliances includes. In 2012, the company whose owners are exclusively members of the Liebherr family reached, with over 37'800 employees in over 130 companies around the world a total turnover of around 9.1 billion euros. 59% of manufactured products go in the countries of Western Europe.
In 1938 Hans Liebherr took over in Kirchdorf an der Iller in the district of Biberach the management of the parental construction business. After returning from the Second World War he developed in 1949 to ease the workload on small sites a mobile tower crane (TK 10), which could be assembled within a few hours. He was presented the same year at the Frankfurt Autumn Fair. The demand for this world first made from the construction company construction machinery manufacturer Liebherr, who received in 1950 more models in its product range.
As a rented 1953 Dragline had a striking disproportion of weight moving excavation, Liebherr took this as an opportunity to develop the first hydraulic excavator on the continent. The L300 only weighed 7.5 tons and was by the hydraulic cylinder with greater force to dig into the soil than conventional models, which worked only with the weight of the blade.
In the same year Liebherr was asked by the director of his local bank, if he was interested in taking over an insolvent refrigerator plant. After he had inquired about production times and prices of components, he built in 1954 in Ochsenhausen own production for self-developed refrigerators on.
Also in 1954 was the construction of a second crane plant in Biberach an der Riss, 1958, the company had over 2,000 employees. In the same year, the establishment of the first foreign subsidiary in Ireland took place. Began in 1960 in Lindenberg im Allgäu with the repair of aircraft landing gear and hydraulic equipment for the armed forces. This Liebherr Aerospace division was created. In the same year the work of the Austrian Bischofshofen was opened for the production of wheel loaders.
In 1964, Liebherr had a share of about 60 percent of German crane production. In 1969 in Ehingen the production of mobile cranes, in the 1970s, works in the United States (start of production of dump trucks ) and Brazil were opened. Also at the beginning of the 1970s were built Getriebewerke for automobile production, together with other engineering companies in the Soviet Union. 1974 attended the Liebherr foreign companies for 44 percent of sales and 53 percent of revenue, the Group employed 8,500 employees. 1982, the company moved to Switzerland to avoid paying inheritance tax in Germany.
When Hans Liebherr died in 1993, the group employed in Germany alone, more than 9,000 people and had a turnover of the equivalent of 2.5 billion euros. The group has since been led by the next generation of the siblings Isolde and Willi Liebherr, who sit on the board today.
1995 Liebherr stereo steering wheel loader was developed, which brought a hitherto reached maneuverability for this sale.
- Cranes, for example, container, cranes ( for example the mobile crane LTM 11200 and the lattice mast crane Liebherr LG 1750), harbor cranes, but also offshore cranes for offshore platforms
- Truck attachments for truck mixer ( " Concrete "), other mixing plants, recycling plants
- Excavators (eg BA 904 C Litronic ), bulldozers, wheel loaders, crawler loaders, telescopic loaders, dump trucks, drilling equipment, mining equipment such as dump trucks (such as the Liebherr T282 ), Maritime cranes etc.
- Diesel engines and other components such as gears, slewing bearing, hydraulic cylinders, electronics and switchgear
- Aviation equipment for military and civil aviation ( Liebherr -Aerospace ) inter alia, Suspensions for Embraer 190, Comac C919
Mobile crane Liebherr LTM 1500-8.1 basic unit during transport
Hydraulic crawler excavator Liebherr HS 895
LRS 645 reach stacker container handler
LTM 1500-8.1 built with Gittermastwippspitze
Crawler Excavator R 926
A crawler crane LR 1600/2 on Vienna's Heldenplatz
Owned by the Group are also six hotels in Austria, Ireland and Germany.
Liebherr manufactures at 34 locations in 17 countries on four continents. In Germany the sites, particularly in Upper Swabia and the Allgäu are located.
Tax and subsidy policy
In 1978, Hans Liebherr in Bulle in Switzerland Liebherr Machines Bulle SA and moved in 1982 with the founding of Liebherr International AG group headquarters to Switzerland to avoid paying inheritance tax in Germany. It is the declared objective of the company, with the help of subsidies to minimize the risks. For example, the Group received 2010 for investments in Rostock 28.7 million euros from the EU, although this 494 million euro profit after tax came in the same year, an equity ratio of 57.7 % and contained about 1.2 billion euros possessed liquid assets.
At the Liebherr Group include, among others, six hotels in Ireland, Austria and Germany with a total bed capacity of 1,450 beds. The line of division services and thus the hotels took over the mid-seventies Isolde Liebherr.
- Hotel Europe
- The Dunloe
- Inter -Hotel Tyrol
- Löwen-Hotel Schruns
- Hotel Falken
The Liebherr family
Other family members of company founder Hans Liebherr, who are active in the company or were his children are:
- Hans Liebherr jun.
- Willi Liebherr ( b. 1947 )
- Markus Liebherr (1948-2010)
- Isolde Liebherr ( b. 1949 )
- Hubert Liebherr (* 1950)
The Business Magazine balance sheet estimates the capacity of the Liebherr family, to 4.5 billion Swiss francs.
Liebherr is currently the main sponsor of the table tennis friends Ochsenhausen. Since 2005, Liebherr is also sponsoring the German national team, also it is a partner of Table Tennis ITTF. In 1997 the company was brokered by Klaus Augenthaler name, main and shirt sponsor of the Grazer AK and remained so until 2007.