Lier, Belgium


Lier (French: Lierre ) is a municipality and town in the Belgian province of Antwerp, ten kilometers southeast of the provincial capital of the same name. The municipality Lier, to which the village belongs Koningshooikt ( with the headquarters of the company van Hool ), has 34 276 inhabitants (as of 1 January 2012).

The town lies on the river Nete.


The city is said to have been founded by the missionary Gummarus 760. The city rights were granted Lier in 1212. During the Middle Ages the cloth industry was significant. In the 15th century Duke John IV wanted to thank the people of Lier for their services during his struggle against the inhabitants of Mechelen. You could even choose their reward: a cattle market with sheep slaughterhouse or a university. They decided on the staple right of cattle, a decision that was very lucrative for Lier, because for each region just a cattle market was allowed. So the cattle market of Wespelaar shifted to Lier, and the Duke sighed, according to legend, "Oh, these fools ." Since that time the inhabitants as well as the fans of the Lierse SK are called Schapen Koppen.

After 1600, went back the economic development of the city.

In World War Lier had been hard hit and was badly damaged. In August and September 1914 drop first bombs of the Germans. In October 1914, the town was sacked by the German army. After the withdrawal of German troops in November 1918, reconstruction began.


There are in Lier many smaller industrial and commercial enterprises. Tourism is significant. Lier is a shopping and market center for the surrounding area. Lier also has an art academy.


The Lierse SK plays football in the Premier League, wearing his games at Herman Vanderpoortenstadion ( 14,538 seats) from. The team was in the years 1932, 1942, 1960 and 1997 Belgian champion.


  • The medieval St. Gummaruskirche is dedicated to the patron saint of the city (→ Lage51.1300034.574549 ).
  • The also medieval St. Pieter chapel is the oldest building in town (→ Lage51.1304834.574901 ).
  • The Begijnhof is one since 1998 a UNESCO World Heritage " Flemish Beguine ". It includes several streets with 162 buildings, making it one of the largest of its type (→ Lage51.1279774.567865 ).
  • The Town Hall with Belfry heard since 1999 a UNESCO World Heritage " belfries in Belgium and France " (→ Lage51.1310274.569635 ).
  • The market place at the Town Hall ( Grote Markt ) is surrounded by buildings of the Baroque and the Renaissance.
  • The Zimmer Tower ( Zimmertoren ) or Cornelius Tower is named after the clockmaker Louis Zimmer, the occasion of the centenary of the Belgian independence its mechanical astronomical clock ( jubilee watch ) einbaute 1930 in the medieval Cornelius tower and thus his hometown a unique work of art donated (→ Lage51.1291184.570162 ). In an adjoining building another astronomical clock room is housed with 93 dials and 14 machines, which in 1939 was on display at the World's Fair in New York.
  • The Gefangenentor ( Gevangenenpoort ) was part of the old city walls and was used in the 19th century as a prison (→ Lage51.12974.568847 ).
  • There are a few buildings in the Art Nouveau, are some of the conservation area: Mechelsestraat 63 (1905 built by Edward Careels; → Lage51.1310444.56383 ) Kluizeplein 23 (→ Lage51.1292594.577752 ) Kolveniersvest 12 (→ Lage51.1331384.567216 ), Baron Opsomerlaan 59 (→ Lage51.131044.561895 )
  • The city has several smaller museums.

Town Hall with Belfry

Grote Markt


Tower Room

Sons and daughters of the town

  • Guillaume- Gommaire Kennis (1717-1789), violinist, composer and conductor
  • Josephus Laurentius Dyckmans (1811-1888), painter
  • Jan Van Beers (1852-1927), painter of the turn of the century to the 20th century
  • Henri Luyten (1873-1954), cyclist
  • Felix Timmermans (1886-1947), writer and painter
  • Louis Zimmer (1888-1970), clockmaker and builders of jubilee watch in-room tower, the associated astronomical club, and the wound Ruhr. He is an honorary citizen of the city of Lier.
  • Gaston Eyskens (1905-1988), statesman and Prime Minister of the country several
  • Bernard Voorhoof (1910-1974), three-time World Cup participant and record scorer in the Belgian national
  • January Ceulemans ( born 1957 ), football player
  • Chris Dercon (* 1958), curator
  • Willem Van Eynde ( b. 1960 ), cyclist
  • Wim Henderickx (born 1962 ), composer
  • Nancy Celis ( b. 1966 ), Belgian and German volleyball player
  • Nico Van Kerckhoven (born 1970 ), football player
  • Sven Vermant (born 1973 ), football player
  • Carl Hoefkens (born 1978 ), football player
  • Nick Nuyens ( born 1980 ), cyclist
  • Yanina Wickmayer (* 1989), tennis player