Ligurian (Romance language)
- Indo-European Romanesque Northern Italian ( Padanisch ) Galloitalisch
Ligurian is a Gallo- Romance language spoken in Liguria, northern Italy and parts of the Southern French Mediterranean coast ( Côte d' Azur) and in Monaco. The Genoese dialect ( Zenéize ), which is spoken by long-established residents of the city of Genoa, the Ligurian capital, is one of the best known dialects of the Ligurian language.
Ligurian belongs to the Northern Italian (or: the Po ) dialect group within the Romance languages and therefore differs significantly from the standard Italian, spoken south of the La Spezia - Rimini line, the same is true for the other northern Italian language forms Piedmontese, Lombard, Venetic and Emilian.
The language is lost as many minority languages in recent years more and more and may be threatened with extinction, but it is still spoken of by many, especially older, 1,920,848 Ligurians.
Outside of Liguria, the language is also roughly in northern Tuscany ( in parts of the province of Massa- Carrara around the city Pontremoli ), Piedmont ( in parts of the province of Alessandria around Ovada ), in Emilia -Romagna ( in parts of the province of Piacenza Borgo Val di Taro ), in the French department of Alpes- Maritimes (in some villages around Nice), in parts of Sardinia and Corsica ( spoken as a legacy of the Genoese sailors who once ruled these islands ) and in Monaco. There, the language was officially renamed Monegasque language (or locally: Munegascu ) recognized as the third official language. The Nizzardo - Italians spoke until the annexation of the area around Nice by France in 1860, a similar language.
The Ligurian alphabet comprises:
- 6 vowels: a, e, i, o, u, y
- 18 consonants: b, c, c, d, f, g, h, l, m, n, p, q, r, s, t, v, x, for
The presence of the unknown in most Romance languages umlauts ä, ö and ü is one of the peculiarities of the Ligurian.
In the official spelling of the Genoese Académia ligustica do Brenno:
- O PEI: Pear (it. and sp pera fr poire, pt pêra. . )
- O méi: Apple (it. mela )
- O figo: fig ( it. fico figue fr. )
- O pèrsego: Peach (pt. pessego, it pesca, fr pêche, kat préssec. .. )
- O franboâze: Raspberry ( framboise fr. )
- A çêxa: Cherry ( it. ciliegia, sp cereza, fr cerise. . )
- O Merello / o Melo: Strawberry
- A noxious agent: Hazel (it. nocciola, fr noisette. )
- O bricòcalo: Apricot (it. albicocca, kat albercoc. )
- L' Uga: Grape (it. sp and many others. )
- O pigneu: Pine Nut (it. pinolo )
- Arvi: open (it. aprire, ouvrir fr, sp abrir. . )
- Sera: include (sp. cerrar )
- A Luxe: light (it. luce, fr lumière. )
- A ca: House (it. casa; kat and ven: approx.. )
- L' euvo: Egg (it. uovo, oeuf fr. )
- L' éuggio: eye (it. occhio, fr l' oeil, kat ull. . )
- A Bocca: mouth (it. bocca )
- A testa: head (it. testa )
- A Schenn -a: back (it. schiena, kat Esquena. )
- O CU: Butt (it. culo, fr and kat cul. . )
- O Brasso: arm (it. braccio, fr bras. )
- A Ganba: leg (it. gamba, fr jambe, kat cama. . )
- O cheu: Heart ( it. cuore, fr cœur. )