Linares, Jaén

Linares is a Spanish industrial and commercial city in the northwest of the province of Jaén, in the autonomous region of Andalusia. The number of inhabitants is 60,740 (as of 1 January 2013), the city area covers 197.92 km ².


Already in pre-Roman times the area was inhabited by Linares, however, the information about Linares before the Reconquista are sparse. Mention is only the castle of Linares, who served after the liberation of the Arabs by the Christians as a starting point for further reconquest of Andalusia. 1227 Fernando III conquered. Castle Linares during the Reconquista. During the reign of Philip II, it is appointed to the villa.

The town was shaped by the lead mines in the area, which triggered their increased exploitation in the 19th century an enormous population and economic growth, initially from 6,000 in 1849 to 36,000 in 1877. Therefore, 1875 was the collection to the city. Today, the mines are closed, but metal processing companies are located in and around Linares, such as Santana Motors, a licensed manufacturer of Land Rovers and Suzukis.

Chess tournament

International Linares is known by the 1978 launched International Grandmaster chess tournament, which was considered one of the most populated in the world. The tournament was played 27 times. From 1988, it took a year, exception was 1996. Since 2011 there is no more discharge. Founder and financier was the Luis Rentero hotel owner who retired after an accident. After that, the city organized the tournament, which was spatially divided into two in the years 2006, 2007 and 2008, the first half took place in each case in the Mexican Morelia.

On 18 March 2005, the former world chess champion Garry Kasparov said after his split tournament victory in Linares his retirement from professional chess.

Winner of Linares