Lincoln Navigator

The Lincoln Navigator is an SUV from Ford's premium brand Lincoln. It is based on the Ford Expedition, but is equipped superior. Its direct competition consists of the Cadillac Escalade and GMC Yukon from the.

  • 2.1 Specifications
  • 3.1 Specifications

First generation

The first generation of the Lincoln Navigator was introduced in August 1997 as a '98 model.

The Navigator is completely based on its consolidated brother, the Ford Expedition. To him, however, to distinguish from this, were several changes in the body, and carried out in the interior. On the body of the radiator grille, door handles, the wheel arches, the headlights and the taillights also been changed. In the interior, although the same dashboard comes as the expedition used, but the materials used were firstly upgraded, eg by a leather interior, wood trim, carpets nobler and a higher-quality audio system.

This was obvious even in the standard equipment. These included namely: Driver & passenger airbags, ABS, climate control, multifunction leather steering wheel, power front seats, automatic low beam, fog lights, automatic level control and a few other electrical helper.

When the engine was the Ford Expedition as far as loyal, as there were only a Ford Triton 5.4L SOHC V8 in the Navigator. This develops 170 kW ( 230 hp) at 4250 min-1 and a torque of 441 Nm at 3000 min -1.

As standard, the Lincoln Navigator was to order only as a 2WD with rear wheel drive. Optionally offered Lincoln the car but also with the coming of Ford Control Trac four-wheel system on.

Already for the 1999 model year, the Navigator was upgraded. So now electrically adjustable pedals and 17- inch alloy wheels were standard.

The basic engine Ford Triton 5.4L SOHC V8 has been revised and made ​​henceforth 190 kW ( 260 hp) at 4500 min-1 and a torque of 468 Nm at 2300 min -1. However, it was not replaced in the same year the Ford 5.4L SOHC Triton V8 from a new Lincoln 5.4L DOHC InTech V8. This made ​​220 ​​kW ( 300 hp) at 5000 min-1 and 481 Nm of torque at 2750 min -1.

From model year 2000, then the equipment list was extensive. For an extra charge the car could now be ordered with a navigation system, heated and ventilated front seats, Park Distance Control and side airbags.


Second generation

Lincoln Navigator (2003-2005)

The second generation of the Lincoln Navigator was released in 2003.

Although this is still based on the Ford Expedition, but received a more independent look than the previous generation. The vehicle was a larger grille, larger headlights and some other conspicuous retouching donated. The interior has been redesigned and upgraded. So the navigator now got a completely " independent " dashboard, which was designed in the " dual- cockpit " look of the Lincoln Continental of the vintage 1961. Along with this, it re- illuminated switches and an analog clock was with walnut wood trim, decorated in a slightly shiny satin nickel look.

The 2003 model also received a better safety equipment. The vehicle was now with head airbags and since 2004, optionally with an electric tire air pressure system, equipped in combination with Ford's " AdvanceTrac ", an ESP / traction control system.

The engine, however, remained unchanged, and so the car was available only with the known from the predecessor " Lincoln 5.4L DOHC InTech V8". In addition, but the car was now standard on 18- inch alloy wheels. The comfort equipment has been improved and supplemented by additional extras, such as an electrically folding rear seats, a power tailgate and Xenon headlights (only in top model ).

On the technical side Lincoln built on this model a new chassis with independent suspension, and a new steering rack. Driving behavior was safer and more comfortable through this change. The automatic level control of its predecessor has been retained, with the only difference that the vehicle is at a standstill now lowered by 2.5 cm. This is to facilitate the entry and exit.

2005 Navigator received a discreet facelift. Here differently designed fog lights have now been installed and the ESP / traction control system, AdvanceTrac, was now included as standard. In addition, the Xenon headlights were now available in all trim levels.

Also, the 5.4L DOHC V8 InTech Lincoln was replaced by the Ford Triton 5.4 L SOHC V8. This engine belongs again to the Triton engine family of Ford (as already known from the previous model ), but this engine is a new development from the year 2004, which was installed for the first time in the F- series of Ford. ( In the Navigator, the engine is not marketed with the addition of Triton ). He sits back on 3 -valve technology, including variable valve timing. He makes 224 kW ( 300PS ) at 5000 min-1 and 495 Nm of torque at 3750 min -1.

In addition, the Ford 4 -speed automatic transmission was replaced with a 6-speed automatic transmission, the ZF Friedrichshafen.


Third Generation

Lincoln Navigator L version

The third generation of the Navigator was introduced in 2007. It is based on the Ford -T1- chassis on which also the Ford F -150 -based. Optically designed from scratch, this model stands out from its two predecessors. The most notable changes are significantly more striking front end, with the huge chrome-colored grille, the redesigned headlights and a " strong " acting hood. But the redesigned rear end is clearly differentiated from that of the predecessor. Also new are the many chrome parts, such as the chrome mirrors or chrome-colored trim on the doors.

Inside Lincoln put the new design continues as well. Thus, the third generation was once again a completely new dashboard and a new instrument panel. Otherwise it was already known from the predecessor, noble equipment with walnut wood and satin nickel - colored controls inserted in a new design.

From this model year, the first time the long-wheelbase version of the Navigator was available. This 370 mm longer version carries the name Lincoln Navigator L and follows the pattern of long-wheelbase versions, such as: Cadillac Escalade ESV, Chevrolet Suburban and GMC Yukon XL.

Since the new T1 chassis provides a higher stiffness than the old U-channel of two predecessors, the driving behavior could be improved. Lincoln also changed the suspension on the new model and now uses a newly designed 5 - link rear suspension. As before, the car is still on 18- inch alloy wheels, which now also 20 - inch alloy wheels are available.

The engine from the Navigator of the second generation was maintained. However, the 6- speed automatic transmission company ZF Friedrichshafen was exchanged for a 6 -speed automatic made ​​by Ford.

In 2008, some of the formerly optional equipment as standard elements were. These include heated and ventilated front seats, power folding rear seats, a power tailgate, and a THX-certified audio system. As an option, is now a reversing camera.

In 2009, the performance of the Ford Triton 5.4 L SOHC V8 engine was a 7.5 kW ( 10 hp ) to 231 kW increased (310 hp) and this is now FlexFuel -capable. The reversing camera is starting this year, now standard, as are heated rear seats, a parking aid for front of the vehicle and a rain sensor.