36.081944444444111.52138888889Koordinaten: 36 ° 5 ' N, 111 ° 31 ' E
The city of Linfen (Chinese临汾 市/临汾 市, pinyin Linfen Shì ), formerly Pingyang, is a Chinese prefecture-level city in Shanxi Province, which is one of the poorer provinces of the People's Republic. Linfen has an area of 20,589 km ² and 4.13 million inhabitants ( end of 2003).
At county level, Linfen is composed of a municipality, two urban districts and fourteen circles together. These are:
- Municipality Yaodu (尧都区Yaodu Qū ), 1304 km ², 770,000 inhabitants;
- Houma City (侯马 市Hóumǎ Shì ), 274 km ², 230,000 inhabitants;
- City Huozhou (霍州市Huozhou Shì ), 765 km ², 290,000 inhabitants;
- Circle Quwo (曲沃 县Qǔwò Xiàn ), 437 km ², 230,000 inhabitants;
- District Yicheng (翼 城县Yicheng Xiàn ), 1149 km ², 310,000 inhabitants;
- Circle Xiangfen (襄汾 县Xiangfen Xiàn ), 1304 km ², 480,000 inhabitants;
- Circle Hongdong (洪洞 县HONGDONG Xiàn ), 1494 km ², 730,000 inhabitants;
- Gu district (古 县gǔ Xiàn ), 1190 km ², 90,000 inhabitants;
- Anze county (安泽 县Anze Xiàn ), 1961 km ², 80,000 inhabitants;
- District Fushan (浮山县Fushan Xiàn ), 938 km ², 130,000 inhabitants;
- Ji County (吉县Jí Xiàn ), 1779 km ², 100,000 inhabitants;
- Xiangning county (乡 宁县Xiangning Xiàn ), 2024 km ², 230,000 inhabitants;
- District Pu (蒲县Pú Xiàn ), 1508 km ², 100,000 inhabitants;
- Circle Daning (大 宁县Daning Xiàn ), 963 km ², 60,000 inhabitants;
- District Yonghe (永和 县Yǒnghé Xiàn ), 1212 km ², 60,000 inhabitants;
- Circle Xi (隰 县Xí Xiàn ), 1412 km ², 100,000 inhabitants;
- Circle Fenxi (汾西 县Fenxi Xiàn ), 875 km ², 140,000 inhabitants.
The city was declared by the Blacksmith Institute in 2006 and 2007 as one of the ten most polluted places in the world. A Chinese ranking that measures the environmental standards of 113 major cities in China, located Linfen 2007 in last place. Meanwhile, the environmental department Linfen has responded and, among others, more than 600 pollutants ejector overridden. Therefore, the ranking has improved to the present day (2009) ranked 46 out of 113.
In Shanxi Province, near the city, archaeologists came across a 4100 years old astronomical observatory. Similar to the Bronze Age circle plants in Europe, these were a semi- circular array of about 40 m in diameter. Around the area about 4 meters high wooden pillars were erected, so that the course of the sunrise or sunsets, possibly even that could be observed from the Moon and other celestial bodies in the course of the year. According to a China Daily report, the observations have only had a deviation to a maximum of 2 days from the still partially common traditional Chinese calendar. (Source: adventure archeology 2006,1,10 ).
Nearby, more precisely in Xiangfen, there is an approximately 4300 years old Taosi archaeological site, which has traces of neolithic occupation.