List of Bavarian locomotives and railbuses

This list shows the locomotives and railcars of the Bavarian railways are listed. The locomotives and railcars belonging to Bavaria Palatinate are listed in the List of Palatine locomotives and railcars.

  • 3.2.1 locomotives of the start time for all types of train
  • 3.2.2 Passenger and express train locomotives
  • 3.2.3 freight locomotives
  • 3.2.4 Tender locomotives
  • 3.2.5 Local Railway locomotives
  • 3.2.6 narrow gauge locomotives
  • 3.2.7 Conversion Bavarian steam locomotives by the German Reichsbahn and German Federal Railroad
  • 4.1 Designation of the Eastern Railway locomotives
  • 4.2 steam locomotives

Locomotives of the Bavarian Ludwig Railway

See: locomotives of the Bavarian Ludwig Railway

Locomotives of the Munich - Augsburg Railway Company

With the nationalization of the Munich - Augsburg Railway Company in 1844, the eight English locomotives were taken while maintaining its name from the state railway.

Locomotives of the State Railways

Designation of the state railway locomotives

Names and numbers of locomotives

Locomotives of Royal Bavarian State Railways were referred from the outset by name. The locomotive name was read in raised capital letters on a label attached to the boiler longitudinal side or tank locomotives on the water tank brass plate.

To name the locomotives were chosen name and Bavarian Bavarian except places, rivers, lakes and mountains, names of important personalities from the arts and science as well as of literary and mythological figures. Even animal names were used to a limited extent.


Locomotives with names also received a so-called inventory number, which was mounted on the rear wall of the cab in small numbers on the fireplace and on the back wall of the tender or in the tender locomotives.

Inventory numbers were assigned consecutively, regardless of class or type of newly hired locomotives. Names and inventory numbers of retired locomotives were usually transferred to newly delivered machines. The name tags were reused here.

For example, the 1889 -built C IV PASING 113 received name and inventory number of a previously discarded in A V.

The last time in 1892 names and inventory numbers were assigned. The state railway then went on to train or car numbers, which with locomotives of the same class or type, a certain continuous range of numbers assigned. The assignment of number ranges was carried out with no apparent systematics. The number plates were also designed and fitted to the same place as the nameplates.

Older classification scheme

The older 1847 introduced classification scheme divided the locomotives in five marked by capital letters groups:

  • A - Locomotives with one driven axle
  • B - Locomotives with two coupled driving axles
  • C - locomotives with three coupled driving axles
  • D - Tender locomotives
  • E - locomotives with four coupled driving axles

With a following, in the order of entry continuously assigned the Roman numeral classes referred locomotive classes were designated. It was not distinguished by the intended use of the locomotives.

Examples: BV (pronounced "Be five " ), D XI (pronounced " De eleven " )

Since the time of the introduction of this system name only three-axle locomotives with one, two or three driving axles were available, the letters A, B and C were used consistently. When introducing tank locomotives in 1871 using four- coupled locomotives had not yet imagine, therefore D is the tender locomotives of Class letter is assigned. As then appeared towards the end of the 19th century four- coupler freight locomotives, they had to - absurdly - be denoted by EI.

The system was founded in 1896 on the occasion of the introduction of locomotives with split engines expanded:

  • AA - locomotive with preload axis ( locomotive with a driving axle and a liftable auxiliary axle when starting)
  • BB - Mallet locomotives with two two -coupled engines

Examples: I AA, BB II

Differentiating Twins and composite locomotives has been added yet XI B and C IV of generic in the case of the genera:

  • Zw for locomotives with twin engine
  • Vbd (also Vb or verb) for locomotives with composite engine

Examples: B XI Zw, C IV Vbd

At the locomotives themselves, these additions were not written down.

For the purposes of the scheme, the narrow-gauge locomotives fell for the then only narrow gauge line of the State Railways. These were provided by the abbreviation LE ( for local railway Eichstätt ) and with Roman numbering from I to V. In addition, these engines also led inventory numbers.

Recent classification scheme of 1901

Due to the technical development and the requirements of the operation, the scheme was no longer enough, so that you introduced a new system from 1901.

This consisted of several parts:

A leading uppercase letter described the Lokgattung:

  • S - Schnellzuglokomotive
  • P - Passenger Locomotive
  • G - freight locomotive
  • R - Rangierlokomotive
  • M - motor cars
  • E - electric drive ( from 1913, the Lokgattung prefixed )

The Lokgattung could be supplemented by one or more additional letters:

  • T - Tank Locomotive ( has not been used for shunting )
  • Z - rack locomotive
  • S - narrow gauge locomotive
  • L - local railway

This was followed by an indication of the ratio of the driving axles to Gesamtachszahl in the form of a fraction, for example, 3/5.

To distinguish between hot and Naßdampflokomotiven within the same genus, an "H " or " N" was placed at the end of the name.


  • So called S 3/6 (pronounced " There three sixths " ) an express locomotive coupled with 3 and 6 axes are - so three synchronized axes.
  • The Pt 2/5 N is coupled a passenger tank locomotive with 2 and a total of 5 axles - so three drive axles - is Naßdampfausführung.
  • EP 3/5 denotes an electric passenger locomotive with three driven axles and a total of 5 axles - two carrying axles.

The new designation system was applied only to the locomotives newly commissioned. Thus, there had to 1926 two different designation systems side by side, as the Bavarian Group Administration of the Deutsche Reichsbahn has retained the Bavarian numbering to the implementation of the uniform designation system all Reichsbahn locomotives (for electric drive vehicles in a modified, simplified form ).

Steam locomotives

Locomotives of the start time for all types of train

None of the locomotives was more redrawn to an operating point of the Deutsche Reichsbahn.

Passenger and express train locomotives

Freight locomotives

Tender locomotives

Local railway locomotives

Narrow gauge locomotives

All Bavarian narrow gauge locomotives were built for narrow gauge.

Conversion Bavarian steam locomotives by the German Reichsbahn and German Federal Railroad

Locomotives of two Bavarian genera were subjected by the Deutsche Reichsbahn or German Federal Railroad a major reconstruction. Although the conversions took place decades after the end of the Bavarian State Railways, these locomotives had unmistakable Bavarian design characteristics and were also in a railway official documents referred to ( unofficial ) Bavarian genus name.

Electric locomotives

A part of the Bavarian ordered with generic names and course numbers ES 1 (E 16) and EG 5 ( E 91 ) and all EC 4 (E 79 ) have already been supplied with DR numbers.


After the Bavarian State Railway had in 1882 a steam railcar Krauss tested, but not included in their inventory, were found in small numbers in service until 1900 railcars.

Locomotives of the Bavarian Eastern Railway

Name of the Eastern Railway locomotives

The naming scheme of the Bavarian Eastern Railway leaned on to which the State Railways. The locomotives were divided into five groups, which were also identified by capital letters.

  • A - Locomotives with one driven axle
  • B - Locomotives with two coupled axles and drive shaft
  • C - with three locomotives coupled axes
  • D - Tender locomotives
  • E - Locomotives with two coupled axes without running axis

However, the Eastern Railway decided not to distinguish between different classes by a special type number. Instead, there was a consecutive numbering of the locomotives within a group. The former Eastern Railway locomotives were operated on after nationalization in 1875 by the state railway initially under its old number; until 1892 was the renumbering of the designation of the state railway system.

The locomotives erstgelieferten A 1 -A 12 and B 1-6 were names of cities and rivers from the market area of the Eastern Railway. After the award of locomotive name was abandoned.

Steam locomotives

Former Eastern Railway locomotives were provided by the Bavarian State Railways with stronger tires so that assayed up to 40 mm larger wheel diameter in later years. Locomotives of the genera C III ( Eastern Railway ) and D IV ( Eastern Railway ) were 1923, with the numbers 53 and 88 7834-53 7868 7021-88 7026 included in the provisional renumbering plan of the Deutsche Reichsbahn locomotives for countries to a final renumbering but did not get it.