List of Formula One circuits
- Country hosting Grands Prix 2014
- ( Track locations marked with)
- Country hosting Grands Prix before 2014
- ( Track locations marked with)
The list of Formula 1 circuits leads all circuits in the Formula 1 World Championship since its inception on (as of 2014 season ).
The most Formula 1 races in the early 1950s took place on closed public roads. Permanent circuits such as the Nürburgring and Monza were still the exception. With ever-increasing speeds, the number of fatal accidents increased. According began rethinking, which initiated the change to permanent race with run-off areas, catch fencing and enclosed viewing areas.
Today, all Formula 1 circuits must meet the highest safety requirements of the FIA and be approved by commissioners of the FIA. The track surface shall be made of asphalt. The courses should be no longer than 7 km. The minimum length of a racetrack for Formula 1 race is 3.5 km. The only exception in the current Grand Prix calendar is the Circuit de Monaco with 3.340 km.
The minimum width of each track newly registered is 12 m, on the start line to the end of the first curve even 15 m. The longitudinal gradient is regulated in proportion to the speed. The start line is to have no more than 2 % slope and the slope transversely to the direction should be 1.5 to 3 % for the drainage. The superelevation of curves shall not exceed 10 %. Every start must have a length of 8 m.
- There are race tracks listed on which 1950-2014 Formula 1 races were held, which were officially counted for the FIA Formula 1 World Championship.
- The routes on which the 2014 season Formula 1 races are held, are highlighted in green.
- The race tracks are listed alphabetically in the following table for the name of the track order. When renaming the name of the routes has been used in the last Formula 1 year, the current track name is shown in brackets. When sorting name accessories such as Autodromo or Circuit will not be considered.
- For circuits that are no longer used today for World Cup races in the Formula 1, the track map, direction and length of the route of the last run are given.
- In the design of routes is a distinction between permanent, semi- permanent and temporary race tracks. Permanent race are blocked off, durable and built primarily for the motor racing circuits. In Formula 1 today mainly permanent race tracks are used. Temporary racetracks other hand, are set up on otherwise unused spaces such as public roads or airfields and dismantled after the event. The Circuit de Monaco is the last purely temporary Formula 1 race track. Semi-permanent routes such as the Albert Park Circuit or the Circuit Gilles -Villeneuve represent a mixed form hereof and permanent sections and / or boxing equipment operating but also track parts which are locked only for racing events. For semi - permanent and temporary race tracks in parentheses are the main use of the route is completed.
- The Silverstone Circuit in 1950 was the first track on which a formula 1 world championship race was held.
- The 1950 to 2013 inclusive evaluated within the World Cup races were held on 67 racetracks in 29 countries.
- By 2014, amounted to ten race tracks, most of these courses in the USA, followed by seven racetracks in France.
- Only at the Nürburgring Grand Prix found with three different titles held, under the name Grand Prix of Germany, Luxembourg and Europe. Six other routes had in the meantime two different titles.
- With 25.838 km Circuito di Pescara of 1957 was the longest race course, the 1955-1972 used variant of the Circuit de Monaco has 3.145 km of the shortest.
- 54 Formula 1 routes have been designed clockwise 13 courses counterclockwise. Indianapolis has been to 1960, traveled counterclockwise from 2000 clockwise. The route of Suzuka is the only route in the form of a figure eight.
- The Indianapolis 500 was from 1950 to 1960 an official round of the Formula 1 World Championship. These were the only Formula 1 race that took place on an oval track.
And the first part is traversed clockwise (until 2014 only Suzuka ).