Local government areas of Australia
The term Local Government Area (LGA, German Local Government Area ) called in Australia the local authorities. The LGA form by the federal government and the individual states and territories, the third and most lowest level of governmental administration. The German equivalent is about a district, but also cities in LGA are divided into Australia.
The concept of the LGA has already been introduced in the period of colonial rule in the 19th century. The formation or dissolution of the LGA and the definition of its responsibilities is the responsibility of the governments of the respective states and territories. Large, uninhabited parts of the country are not divided until today in LGA. No breakdown in LGA also have the Australian Capital Territory and the Jervis Bay Territory.
An LGA is run by an elected assembly, known as the Council, which is headed by a Mayor or President. In some areas, the Mayor is elected directly by the people, but usually by the members of the Council. The responsibility of the Council is limited to municipal tasks such as the management of public institutions ( libraries, museums, parks, etc. ), the determination of land use plans and waste disposal.
The name of an LGA is often from the name of the area and attached to it by a name such as Borough, City, District, Municipality, Region, Rural City, Shire and Town. Many LGAs in New South Wales and some in South Australia also have the additional Council, such as Manly Council or Waverley Council. This is related to that in some regional variants of the Australian Council Englischs the term is synonymous with the territory, while this term is in other areas solely for the elected local council representatives.
Depending on the member state, there are different names Additions:
- New South Wales: City, Area
- Northern Territory: City, Town, Community Government Council and Shire
- Queensland: City, Shire, Town Council and Iceland
- South Australia: City, Rural City, Municipality / Municipal Council, District Council, Regional Council and Aboriginal Council
- Tasmania: City and Municipality
- Victoria: City, Rural City, Borough and Shire
- Western Australia: City, Town and Shire
New South Wales | Victoria | Queensland | South Australia | Western Australia | Tasmania | Northern Territory
- Administrative divisions of Australia
- Local Government