The Lodi dynasty ( also Lodhi Dynasty, Urdu: سلطنت لودھی ) was developed by Bahloul Khan Lodi ( r. 1451-1489 ), a prince of the Pashtun Lodi tribe, founded.
After the abdication of the last Sayyid Sultan Alam Shah, on April 19, 1451 Bahloul Khan Lodi took over the government over the Sultanate of Delhi. The state was limited to the area of Delhi and was surrounded by independent regional principalities, which detached during the reign of Tughluq Dynasty and the Sayyid dynasty of the weakening central power of the Sultanate. Bahloul Khan Lodi was the claim to the territory that once belonged to the empire of his predecessors, not on. He cooperated with the Afghan nobles by giving them fiefs ( jagir ). Then he forced the rulers of the Doab region under his control. He successfully protected the kingdom against foreign invasions: Twice he dismissed the attacks of Shargi kings, then took one himself offensive and made Jaunpur to the province of Delhi - with his son Barbak Shah as viceroy. Bahloul Khan Lodi reigned 29 years and died on a campaign in July 1489th
Nizam Khan, the second son of Bahloul Khan Lodi, was enthroned with the title Sikandar Lodi. He reigned from 1489-1517 and proved to be a gifted military leader and annexed the territories of Bihar and most of the Panjab. In the course of his struggle against Sikandar Shah Lodi Gwalior moved the capital of the Sultanate into strategically advantageous location Agra. Delhi but was still regarded as a sacred center of the empire. In the core area Delhi -Agra a well- functioning administration was set up. Sikandar Lodi became known as a patron of architecture and other arts. Under his government, the Delhi Sultanate experienced a period of prosperity. His court attracted many scholars, poets and priests, among them the famous Jamali. Translations from Sanskrit into Persian was officially promoted. Sikandar Shah Lodi died on 21 November 1517.
His son, Ibrahim Lodi ( r. 1517-1526 ), was the last Sultan of the Lodi dynasty and the Sultanate of Delhi. The period of his reign was marked by the division and alienation between the Sultan and his vassals. Daulat Khan Lodi, the Governor of Punjab, and the uncle of the Sultan Alam Khan, colluded with the Timurid ruler Babur of Kabul and encouraged him to campaign to India. Babur used this opportunity and invaded the Sultanate of Delhi. Ibrahim Lodi was defeated and killed on April 20, 1526 in the First Battle of Panipat; Delhi and Agra were occupied shortly thereafter. Babur, who was determined to stay in India, became the founder of the Mughal Empire.
Sikandar Lodi was interred in one octagonal, open on all sides by triple arcades and covered by a bivalve and therefore increased dome mausoleum in the Lodi Gardens in Delhi. This building is oriented in its architecture strongly on the adjacent, about 70 years older than the tomb of Mohammed Shah IV, the third Sultan of the Sayyid dynasty - he is, however, both locally and temporally as the immediate precursor of stylistically very different design - now shared by four and symmetrically arranged ( paradise ) gardens in the Persian style (Char - Bagh ) surrounded - tombs of the Mughal dynasty ( Humayun, Akbar 's Tomb, Itmad -ud- Daulah mausoleum, Taj Mahal, Bibi- Ka Maqbara - ).