Looney Tunes (in German about with "crazy melodies " translate ) is an animated series from Warner Bros., have been developed for the well-known characters such as Bugs Bunny and Daffy Duck. These figures are now also called Looney Tunes.
From 1930 to 1969 originated in the Merrie Melodies series of Looney Tunes and 1000 respectively around 7 -minute animated films. The most important directors were Tex Avery, Chuck Jones, Bob Clampett, Friz Freleng, Robert McKimson, Hugh Harman and Rudolf Ising.
Warner started his 1930 cartoon series Looney Tunes, whose name borrows from Disney's Silly Symphonies. The first "star" of Looney Tunes Bosko was - a äffchen - like character with similarity to his early Mickey Mouse character by Walt Disney - who made his first appearance in 1930 in the film Sinking In the Bathtub. Between 1933 and 1935, the result of Figure Buddy made appearances in 23 cartoons. Buddy was followed by a character that is part of the Looney Tunes today: Porky. He was followed by other figures, the veritable have become famous: Daffy Duck and Bugs Bunny 1937 1940.
1931 was followed by a second series of Merrie Melodies the. While the Looney Tunes solid main characters had the Melodies consisted of films with varying figures. Merrie Melodies 1934 were colored, while the Looney Tunes and 1943 were black. From this time there was between the two rows apart from the various preload no differences and the characters appeared in both series. The theme music of the Looney Tunes was "The Merry-Go- Round Broke Down" by Cliff Friend and Dave Franklin, a variation of " Merrily We Roll Along " by Charles Tobias, Murray Mencher and Eddie Cantor Merrie Melodies marked the.
During the early 1930s, the Looney Tunes films usually shown dancing and singing representations, although they were not explicitly aimed at the target group of children and adolescents. Later the films were geared more towards the adult audience.
In the 1930s and 1940s, staged eleven Looney Tunes films with stereotypical figures about German, Japanese, Africans, Italians, Arabs and Jews. These films, now called the Censored 11 were withdrawn from the market in 1968. The same fate befell Speedy Gonzales in 1999, these cartoons were in 2002 but released after protests by Hispanic-Americans.
With the introduction of television and the popularity of the Looney Tunes, which were broadcast there since the mid- fifties grew. Since the TV station wanted to achieve especially young spectators with the cartoons, animated cartoons have been mitigated in the course of a debate on child-friendly television in the seventies - lewd and violent scenes have been removed.
Until 1969, the Looney Tunes ran in the American cinema, and then disappeared there - in the truest sense of the word - from the scene. To attract new viewers, the cartoons were from 1987, again shown in the cinema - usually as a header for family films from Warner Bros.
In the movies Who Framed Roger Rabbit (1988 ), Space Jam (1996) and Looney Tunes: Back in Action (2003) were the Looney Tunes on in movies, in which occurred cartoon characters with live actors. However, the latter film was a financial flop.
Far more successful was the television series that always combined the same characters as a rule. The most famous include, for example, Sylvester, Tweety and Granny, Road Runner and Wile E. Coyote or Daffy Duck and Porky Pig. In the nineties, the offshoot Tiny Toons came out, in which the original Looney Tunes were often represented.
In addition to the Disney characters, the Looney Tunes are the most famous cartoon characters in Western culture.
The best-known characters:
- Bosko (1929 )
- Foxy (1931 )
- Porky Pig (1935 )
- Daffy Duck ( 1937)
- Bugs Bunny (1938 )
- Foghorn Leghorn (1946 )
- Marvin the Martian (1948 )
- Road Runner and Wile E. Coyote (1949 )
- Speedy Gonzales (1953 )
- TAZ (1954)
- Lola Bunny ( 1996)
Here is a list of the Speaker of the ZDF synchronization:
Oscar - winner
The following Warner cartoons were awarded the Oscar for Best Animated Short Film: