Lorenzo Monaco

Lorenzo Monaco, actually Piero di Giovanni with spiritual name of Don Lorenzo ( * around 1370 probably in Siena, † 1425 in Florence) was an Italian painter of the early Renaissance.


Piero di Giovanni was probably born 1365-1371 in Siena. In 1391 he took his vows as a monk at the Camaldolese and lived as Don Lorenzo in the monastery of Santa Maria degli Angeli in Florence. Only in recent times he is Lorenzo Monaco (Italian: the monk ) called. The Monastery of Santa Maria degli Angeli was famous for his book illumination and some of today preserved in the Laurentian Library miniatures are attributed to Lorenzo Monaco. When Piero di Giovanni, he was a member of the painters' guild in 1402 and went to live outside the monastery. Initially, he was under the influence of Giotto's followers Bernardo Daddi and Maso di Banco. After 1404, the works of Gherardo Starnina and Lorenzo Ghiberti Lorenzo gave an important impetus for work. His works are on the cusp of the 14th and 15th centuries between the fourteenth-century painting and the fifteenth-century images of Masaccio and Fra Angelico, who was influenced by Lorenzo Monaco.

The work of Lorenzo Monaco exclusively includes religious themes. One of his major works is the fresco painting with scenes of Mary in the Bartolini Chapel of Santa Trinita in Florence. In addition, he created numerous altarpieces. His great altarpiece Madonna and Child ( Uffizi) and the Coronation of the Virgin (Uffizi ) reflect his usual bright palette, his penchant for pleated curtains that rhythmic, curved shapes and his knowledgeable use of light. Lorenzo's sense of decorative design and expressive line is in its small predella work in the Galleria dell'Accademia in Florence, particularly evident.

In his late work Lorenzo Monaco is influenced by the international Gothic style and its design language shows fantastically ecstatic expression. He was buried in the monastery of Santa Maria degli Angeli.


Enthroned Madonna