Lothar Bolz

Lothar Bolz ( born September 3, 1903 in Gleiwitz, Upper Silesia, † December 29, 1986 in Berlin) was a German politician (KPD, later NDPD ). He was from 1953 to 1965 Minister of Foreign Affairs of the GDR.


Education and work

Bolz grew up the son of a watchmaker. The secondary school he attended together with Rudolf Herrnstadt. After graduation Bolz graduated from 1921 to 1925 to study law sciences, art and literature in Munich, Kiel and Breslau with subsequent doctorate in law. After that, he was court clerk, assessor and finally attorney in Breslau. In 1933 he was expelled for defending anti-fascists from the Silesian Bar Association. He went in October 1933 together with Gerhard Kegel to Warsaw and emigrated via Danzig and Prague, finally, to the Soviet Union. There he worked as a journalist ( editor of the German language ingen Red newspaper in Leningrad and the German National newspaper in Moscow), as a teacher of German language and literature in Novosibirsk and a teacher at the Marx-Engels- Lenin Institute in Moscow, since 1941, prisoners of war Antifa Free schools and as an employee of the newspaper of the National Committee for a Free Germany Germany. He acted as head of the Germany - ministries, even if his articles appeared mostly unmarked. In 1947 he returned to Germany.

Political career

Bolz 1929 became a member of the KPD. After his return from exile Bolz 1948 belonged to the founders of the National Democratic Party of Germany ( NDPD ), which he chaired until 1972. After that, he was appointed honorary chairman. Bolz belonged from 1950 to the Bureau of the National Council of the National Front. Bolz was a member of the People's Chamber of the GDR since 1950. On October 12, 1949, he was appointed Minister for construction. From 1950 to 1967 he was also Deputy Prime Minister and Deputy Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the GDR. From 1953 to 1965 Bolz was the successor of the arrested on January 15, 1953 Georg Dertinger Minister of Foreign Affairs of the GDR.

From 1968 to 1978 he was the successor of John Dieckmann president of the Society for German - Soviet Friendship. Bolz received numerous awards, including 1954 and 1964, the Patriotic Order of Merit (VVO ), 1965 the honor Clasp to VVO in gold, 1955, the Commander's Cross of the Order of Polonia Restituta, 1965, the Big Band of the Order of the Nile, in 1968 the Star of People's Friendship and 1971 Order of the Patriotic war.


  • It's about Germany. Speeches and essays, Berlin 1955
  • For the power of peace. Speeches and essays, Berlin 1959
  • From German construction. Berlin 1951, in: The Sixteen Principles of Urban Design