Lower Inn Valley
The Lower Inn Valley at Kirchbichl
As Unterinntal the part of the Inn valley is called, the Inn of the downstream until a few kilometers flows from the Melachmündung at Zirl few kilometers west of Innsbruck before Rosenheim. It is the main settlement, economic and transport space Tyrol.
The Lower Inn Valley can not be equated with the Tyrolean lowlands, but forms only a part of it; the lower country also includes all side valleys to the east of North Tyrol. If one uses the expression Inn Valley ( trisection of the Tyrolean Inn Valley ), comprises the Lower Inn Valley in the narrower sense, the Inntalung of the districts and the Schwaz district of Kufstein. Furthermore, it is still the Tyrolean (up to Kufstein) and the Bavarian distinguished ( from Kiefersfelden ) Unterinntal.
The Lower Inn Valley is a broad glacial valley. The Inn overcomes a distance of almost 90 kilometers an altitude of just 100 meters. The largest valleys are the Wipptal, the Zillertal and the Brixen Valley, all of which open out from the south.
Until the Pill area of the Inn Valley separates the Northern Limestone Alps from the higher southern Central Alps. Below comes between the two mountain ranges of a greywacke zone that is wider towards the east. The Unterinntal was substantially formed in the Ice Age. When the glaciers retreated at the end of the last ice age about 20,000 years ago, the valley with a powerful layer of gravel was filled. The Inn cut gradually into this one and forming the present-day broad glaciated valley. The remains of the original valley floor form the central mountain terraces on both sides.
The Lower Inn Valley is located in the transition zone between the drier inner alpine Talk Lima of the Upper Inn Valley and the wetter climate of the northern foothills of the Alps. It has higher rainfall and greater cloud cover than the Upper Inn Valley and its tributary valleys, and occasionally fog or high fog banks can penetrate from the Bavarian Alpine foothills. Annual rainfall averages the years 1971-2000 in Innsbruck (airport) 883.1 mm, in Jenbach 1177.0 mm, 1135.7 mm in Kirchbichl and in Kufstein 1293.7 mm.
The boundary of the (old) Melachmündung at Zirl and the Inn at the opposite Meilbrünnl Martin Wall, the old district court boundary between Sonnenburg and Hörtenberg dar.
Even earlier was here the Pagus Inter -Valles, who, Gau between the valleys ' or ' Zwischentalgau ', possibly comprised at least the ( right bank ) Inn Valley between the Alpine foothills and the Zillertal, and also the East Tyrolean valleys. It is 788 in the Notitia Arnonis, a freight directory of the Archbishop of Salzburg, Arn called. Emperor Conrad II gave the Inn Valley between Melach and Ziller 1027 as a fief to the Bishop of Brixen, that it gave about 1165 to the Counts of Andechs. With the extinction of the county Lower Inn Valley in 1248 went to the Counts of Tyrol. The section below the Zillertal came only in 1504 under Maximilian I. after the Landshut War of Succession to the Tyrol.
In contrast to the Upper Inn Valley, the Inn Valley is quite extensive, densely populated and relatively heavily industrialized. In the Lower Inn Valley is home to around 315,000 people, nearly half of the Tyrolean population, a relatively small space. The largest municipalities are Innsbruck ( 122 458 inhabitants), Kufstein ( 17 891 ), Schwaz ( 13,038 ), Hall in Tirol ( 12,956 ), Wörgl ( 12,806 ) and Rum ( 8874 ). The original town centers are usually increased at the edge of the valley, on alluvial fans of streams or the upland terraces. Meanwhile, the valley floor is often used for settlements and especially for trade.
The spoken in the Lower Inn Valley south Bavaria dialects have transitional characteristics of the medium- Bavarian.
Economy and Transport
In the Lower Inn Valley, particularly within the area of Innsbruck, in Wattens (Swarovski ), Jenbach ( Jenbacher Werke ), Kundl (Sandoz ), Wörgl and Kirchbichl is a large part of the major Tyrolean industries. In Kirchbichl, Unterlangkampfen and Oberau Village / Ebbs consist Innkraftwerke.
The broad valley offers good conditions for agriculture, which is often operated in the main acquisition. In the Innsbruck area this outweighs the vegetable growing, further below the livestock industry. Unlike in the side valleys tourism plays only a minor role.
The Lower Inn Valley is a major traffic artery, on the overlap of the Inner Austrian east-west traffic direction Arlberg and the north - south traffic from Germany via the Brenner Pass to Italy. Large arteries are the Unterinntalbahn, the Inn valley motorway A12 and the Tiroler Straße. As part of the TEN- axis No. 1 Berlin -Palermo and future access route to the Brenner Base Tunnel, the Lower Inn Valley railway is expanded to four tracks. The first section of the New Lower Inn Valley railway was put into operation in 2012.
In Schwaz were counted on the Inn valley motorway in 2011 on average 53 520 vehicles per day, of which almost 40% of truck or truck - similar traffic. The total traffic has almost doubled in the period from 1985 to 2010. Due to the heavy traffic load, the EU limits for air pollution control in the Lower Inn Valley are often considerably exceeded.