Lower Lusatian Heath Nature Park
On the market 20 04924 Bad Liebenswerda
In the south, where Brandenburg oldest landscape is found, the Nature Park Niederlausitzer heathland extends over an area of approximately 484 km ². Formed by the approximately 180,000 years ago which ended Saale ice age, in addition to ground moraines and outwash plains and glacial valley Endmoränenzügen also are still dominates the landscape today. The left by the Ice Age, natural lakes have long since silted up, so that the currently available water surfaces are all made by human hands. In the south of the nature park, the Schwarze Elster flows through the Lower Lusatian glacial valley. On sandy plateaus extend to the north large contiguous forest areas.
Among the glacial deposits are found powerful lignite layers, ranging in some cases up to the surface. By " digging after Black Gold" have been in the last hundred years, " cultural landscapes " created by partially bizarre appearance. In many places created valuable habitats for specialized animal and plant species. In the areas where opencast mine waters were restored, visitors can find today delightful recreation areas, as well as natural paradises second hand.
- 3.1 Nature Park House
- 3.2 " Pomologischer Garden "
- Highest point: Bank assets at Elsterwerda (153 m)
- Urban centers in and around the Natural Park: Bad Liebenswerda, Elsterwerda, Wahrenbrück, Doberlug -Kirchhain, sinister forest, Lauchhammer
- Distance to Dresden and Cottbus: about 70 km
- Distance from Berlin and Leipzig: 100 km
On the A 13 have since December 2008 under the direction boards to the Natural Park towards.
In the Nature Park 13 nature reserves were previously reported.
Core of the Nature Park is a nature reserve forest house Prösa. Contains, among others large contiguous sessile oak forests. In the midst of this forest complex there are two large open areas with Callunaheiden and silver grassland caused by an approximately 30 -year-old military use of the area. To the east, a low marsh area adjoins. In times past tone for the local pottery industry was mined here in small areas. Today it is the degradation of peat for the cure of rheumatism clinic in Bad Liebenswerda the influenced by the extraction of raw materials and the creation of additional open water areas the area.
With an area of 21 ha is the nature reserve Small meadows - at the Horsten Kahla the first self- reported by the Elbe-Elster district reserve. The area is located in the south of the park and includes, among other things, a rare occurrence in this wetland complex with source areas and orchids occurrence. In addition to 29 proven breeding bird species, such as the 16-18 cm -backed Shrike, which is published on the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources ( IUCN) Red List of endangered animal and plant species, there is a rich variety of Locust, beetle and butterfly fauna. The base of the protected area are the occurrence of typical character types of biotopes moist nutrient-poor grassland sites. Deposits there are, among others, from the quaking grass, the little rattle, the Teufelsabbiss, the ragged robin, the swamp - Yarrow, the marsh gentian, spotted orchid and caraway Silge.
In the southeast of the nature park is located between the natural park communities Gorden, Hohenleipisch, Döllingen and Grünewalde the sagenumwogene bog praise, whose turf is used since 1904 Kurklinik Liebenwerdaer for medical treatments in the bathroom. Also, here north of the neighboring Hohenleipisch the Praiseworthy find the NSG Hohenleipisch, which was built on the site of a former ammunition factory, which continued to be used after the Second World War to the political change in the GDR by the Soviet Red Army military.
Other nature reserves are the Seewald, the Welkteich, the south, the Old Röder at Prieschka, the NSG Schadewitz, the NSG Hohewarte northwest of Doberlug- Kirchhain, the NSG Buchenwald and home to the former mining Kleinleipisch located NSG green house, which by the NABU Foundation "National heritage " is being.
The Nature Park House in Bad Liebenswerda is the visitor information center of the nature park. It was once a house, from the 19th century, royal forester. Today, the house is open to all and represents about 80 m2, the beauties and peculiarities of the landscape of the Natural Park. Seeing, hearing and feeling it comes to the virtual world of heather, orchard or mining landscape. Here you can be quite dangerous for climbers, because the model of Roth Steiner Rock is also meant to be ridden. A memory with eight different apple varieties invites you not only to play, but instead set gives you a little insight into the diversity of varieties. For a breather you can then, for example, Take place on the Plauderbänken and can be interesting stories from the north or the south of the nature park tell in the respective dialects. Thus, a language border is still through the middle of the nature park. In this center, a large forest complex, now the nature reserve "Forest House Prösa " once the capercaillie (Logo of the Natural Park ) was home. An impression of this impressive large bird to be derived from the preparations of Rooster, Hen and chicks. There are the mating calls of the cock and interesting information on this, an endangered species.
" Pomologischer Garden "
The center of the former and present orchard region is the " Pomological show and teaching garden " in Döllingen - become a living Obstbaumuseum. The term pomology comes from Latin and means as much as the " doctrine of the fruit-growing customer ".
Covering an area of three hectares and grow over one hundred and fifty old and newer major fruit species such as apple, pear, cherry and plum, and also so-called Beiobst, such as nuts and peach. Here you can even track the development of the fruit trees of their wild form to the latest breeds and look at as well as various growth and crown molding. Not every fruit tree species flowering at the same time so that you can experience a Pollen calendar of the special kind. Fruit fields and orchards demonstrate various traditional farming methods. Visitors can seek advice and learn about variety characteristics here.
This project was the " Nature Park Niederlausitzer heathland and Naturschutzbund Germany - Section orchard " - lifted from the baptism and cared for. Carrier is the " Land Stewardship Association of Municipalities Schrade eV "
Natural Park Community of the Year
The title " Nature Park Community of the Year " has been awarded since 1999 Niederlausitzer Heath Nature Park landscape. All municipalities and districts of the settlement area can participate in this contest.
Selected here is the following criteria:
- Practical implementation of an ecotourism
- Preservation of Cultural and Natural Heritage
- Scheduled village renewal according to ecological principles
- Inclusion of the place in the landscape
- Supporting ecological economies and regional marketing
- Activities of the local people.
Previous Winners communities are Grünewalde (1999, 2005, 2012), Oppelhain (2000), Döllingen (2001), Maas village (2002), Theisa (2003), Werenzhain (2004), Lugau (2006), Maas village (2007), Beech Forest (2008 ), Rückersdorf (2009), Hohenleipisch (2010), Domsdorf (2011) and Gorden - Staupitz ( 2013).