The LRC of Bombardier Transportation was a diesel-electric inter-regional train for passenger transport in Ontario and Quebec ( Canada). The name is a duplicate Abbreviation for Light, Rapid, Comfortable / French Léger, Rapide, et Confortable ( Light, Rapid, Comfortable ). The internal name was M -429 for the prototype and M -437 for the standard version.
The train concept consists of matching locomotives, and trailer, which can be operated separately, however. With two locomotives at the front and back of the train, a train set a top speed of 201 km / h ( 125 mph ) achieved during tests even 210 km / h (130 mph) were measured. To be used on the North American old routes can, the LRC are equipped with active tilting technology. During regular operation, they drove but not more than 153 km / h ( 95 mph ). VIA Rail Canada in 1978 ordered the first 10 locomotives with 50 intermediate cars and then expanded the order by a further 10 trains. After delivered on or after June 1, 1981 another generation of 10 locomotives and 50 intermediate cars was commissioned. Most locomotives were taken after their regular 15 years of service out of service, the last ( # 6905 ) continued until 2001.
Both the tilting technology as well as the name of LRC were originally developed by Montreal Locomotive Works in 1971, which were purchased in 1975 by Bombardier. Through a reorganization in the original principal VIA Rail Canada the production of the LRC was moved. The two trains of the first generation (LRC -1) then went to Amtrak (No. 38 and 39), they tested since 1980 and gave back in 1982. The technical differences to subsequent generations were so great that hardly any parts from the five delivered locomotives were taken over and the LRC -1 were then scrapped in 1990.
In contrast to the LRC locomotives the middle cars of VIA Rail were further used and reconditioned in 2000. Early 2012 were still 98 intermediate cars in operation.