Lucille Désirée Ball ( born August 6, 1911 in Jamestown, New York, † April 26, 1989 in Beverly Hills, California ) was an American actress. After its beginnings as a supporting actress in Hollywood in the 1930s and 1940s, it was in the 1950s as a star of the television show I Love Lucy to one of America's favorite television comediennes.
After the death of her father Henry Durrell Ball (1886-1915) was raised Lucille Ball of her working mother Desirée Eveline Hunt (1892-1977) and her grandparents. She moved to New York to become an actress, and had some success as a model and chorus girl. In 1933 she went to Hollywood to start a film career. In the 1930s, she was under contract with RKO and played many small roles, including room service with the Marx Brothers, but also played major roles, as in Next Time I Marry. In the 1940s she moved to MGM, but never had great success with the film. In Hollywood circles, she was a " B-movie queen " known ( with Macdonald Carey as their " king "). During the filming of the movie implementation of the musical Too Many Girls, she met Desi Arnaz and married him. The couple had two children: Lucie Arnaz and Desi Arnaz Jr.
In 1948, it was as easy crazy wife in My Favorite Husband, a radio program, busy. The mission was successful, and CBS asked her to further develop it to a television program. She agreed, but insisted on working with her husband Desi Arnaz. The television show I Love Lucy was born.
I Love Lucy was not only a star vehicle for Lucille Ball, but for them also an attempt to save her marriage to Desi Arnaz, which both suffered from the hectic schedules. As a side effect, they practically invented the sitcom, and was one of the first stars who filmed with a live audience.
The show was recorded directly on film, unlike most other TV shows of that era, abfilmten in the low-quality " kinescope " process images of a television monitor. The better quality of the Lucy show allowed the repetition by " Syndication " (with independent television stations that are not one of the major television networks ABC, CBS or NBC belong ). In the production of I Love Lucy, a native of Germany cameraman Karl invented friend "3- camera setup " ("3 -camera setup" ), standard nowadays on TV. Another unusual technique that was used in the Lucy show, was painting over unwanted shadows and hiding of lighting mistakes with paint that has been kept in different shades from white to medium gray for this purpose in the studio.
On I Love Lucy (1951-1957) was followed by the sequels The Lucy- Desi Comedy Hour (1957-1960) and The Lucy Show (1962-1968), which was later renamed in Here's Lucy ( 1968-1974 ). Some consequences of ran under the title Oops Lucy 1971/72 on ZDF. Another television show, Life with Lucy, flopped with critics and audiences alike in 1986.
Together with her husband Desi Arnaz Lucille Ball founded in Hollywood, the studio Desilu Productions and was the first woman who had a Hollywood studio (if there is no movies, but TV shows produced ). In 1956, Desilu bought the RKO terrain and moved there. In 1960, the marriage of Lucille Ball and Desi Arnaz for problems of Arnaz with alcohol, drugs and other women were divorced. Lucille Ball bought his share and was the sole owner of the studio. During the following years developed Desilu among others, the well-known television series Star Trek and Mission: Impossible take. In 1967, Desilu was sold to the company Gulf and Western Industries, the Desilu to Paramount Studios ( on the property located right next to it ) put together.
Lucille Ball was at the cemetery Forest Lawn - Hollywood Hills Cemetery buried in Los Angeles, but later Jr. of their children, Desi Arnaz and Lucie Arnaz, reburied at the cemetery Lakeview Cemetery in her hometown of Jamestown.