Lucius Aelius

Lucius Aelius Caesar ( January 1 † 138), born as Lucius Ceionius Commodus, was adopted by Emperor Hadrian ( 76-138 ) under the name Lucius Aelius Verus Caesar Ceionius Commodus as his successor, but died before him. Aelius Caesar was the father of the Emperor Lucius Verus.


Adoption and parentage

Aelius was the son of Lucius Verus Ceionius Commodus, who was consul 106. He was adopted by the aging Hadrian, who had no son in the sense of, founded by Nerva Adoptivkaisertums and determined heir to the throne, although he had no military experience, but Senator was. After the adoption 136 he took the name Lucius Aelius Caesar.

Aelius had strong political connections, 136 and 137, he held the consulate. He was very handsome, but in poor health. Its taste was luxurious and extravagant lifestyle be said to have been frivolous, that can be said of his son. Hadrian's choice seems to have been a blunder. Some scholars suspect Aelius was Hadrian's illegitimate son, but for which there is no evidence.

Death and successor

Aelius was the father of Lucius Verus ( 130-169 ), who was from 161 until his death in 169 co-emperor Marcus Aurelius, and whose competence is like that of his father similarly controversial. Aelius himself never became emperor, he died just before Hadrian with not even 40 years from tuberculosis.

After Aelius ' death Hadrian adopted Titus Aurelius fulvus Boionius Arrius Antoninus Pius ( 86-161 ) under the condition that this even the younger Lucius Verus and Hadrian, Marcus Annius Verus nephew by marriage ( 121-180 ) Adopt.

Marcus reigned after the death of Antoninus Pius, Lucius Verus as 161 together with Marcus Aurelius ( Marcus Aurelius dt ) up to Lucius ' death 169, then alone until his own death 180 With him ended the period of adoptive emperors. His son Commodus, who wore Aelius Caesar's birth name, became his successor.