Lucius Elmer

Lucius Quintius Cincinnatus Elmer ( born February 3, 1793 in Bridgeton, New Jersey, † March 11, 1883 ) was an American lawyer and politician. Between 1843 and 1845 he represented the State of New Jersey in the U.S. House of Representatives.


Lucius Elmer was the son of Congressman Ebenezer Elmer (1752-1843) and nephew of U.S. Senator Jonathan Elmer ( 1745-1817 ). He attended private schools and went on to study at the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia. During the British - American War of 1812 he rose from lieutenant to major in the militia. After a subsequent law degree in 1815 and its recent approval as a lawyer, he started in Bridgeton to work in this profession. In 1824, he worked as a prosecutor. At the same time he began a political career. Between 1820 and 1823 he sat as an MP in the New Jersey General Assembly, which he was president in 1823. Between 1824 and 1829 he served as United States Attorney for New Jersey; in this office he was followed by Joseph McIlvaine.

Politically, Elmer was a member of the Democratic Party, founded in 1828. In the congressional elections of 1842 he was the first electoral district of New Jersey in the U.S. House of Representatives in Washington DC chosen, where he became the successor of Joseph Fitz Randolph on March 4, 1843. Since he lost in 1844 against James G. Hampton of the Whig Party, he was able to complete only one term in Congress until March 3, 1845. He was chairman of the election committee. This time was determined by the tensions between President John Tyler and the Whigs. It was also discussed at that time about a possible annexation since 1836 the independent Republic of Mexico Texas.

In the years 1850 to 1852 was Elmer Attorney General of his home state; 1852 to 1869 he served as a judge on New Jersey Supreme Court Then he withdrew into retirement. He died on 11 March 1883 in his birthplace Bridgeton, where he was also buried.