Ludwig Ferdinand Huber

Ludwig Ferdinand Huber ( born September 14, 1764 in Paris, † December 24, 1804 in Ulm ) was a German writer, translator and journalist in the Age of Enlightenment and the French Revolution.


Huber was born on September 14, 1764, the son of Michael Huber ( 1727-1804 ), who introduced the German literature of his time in France. Even in his childhood he moved with his parents to Leipzig, where he learned new languages ​​and literature, and showed particular interest in French and English literature. In Leipzig he became friends with Christian Gottfried Körner, father of the poet Theodor Körner on, became engaged in Dresden with Christian Körner's sister, the painter Dora floor and came into contact with Friedrich Schiller, who was one of the closest friends of Korner and with him a lifelong friendship association. In Leipzig he became a member of the Masonic Lodge " Minerva 's three palm trees ".

In 1785 he translated " The most amazing day or the Marriage of Figaro" by Beaumarchais in the German language.

In 1787 he became secretary of the Saxon legation in Electoral Mainz, where he remained until the occupation by France in 1792. According to a secret report from the spring of 1792 Huber counted alongside Georg Forster and William Heinse to the " most excellent Democrats and revolutionary councils " in Mainz. After the departure of his friend Forster, who had been sent as a deputy of the Mainz Republic in Paris, to campaign for the accession of the Republic of Mainz to the French Republic and his wife Therese, as well as the rest of his family had left impoverished, Huber took care of its family. In love for Forster's talented young woman Huber gave up his diplomatic position and broke the engagement to Dora floor. With Therese Forster, he moved to Bôle in Neuchâtel and married Therese after Forster's death in 1794. During this time he was in close contact with the writer and salonière Isabelle de Charrière, who lived in nearby Colombier and Forster's daughter Therese recorded as a shareholder. He translated in this time works of Isabelle de Charrière and her student Isabelle de Gélieu in the German language and provided for their publication in the publishing house of Johann Friedrich Cotta.

In March 1798 Huber became deputy editor in chief of Tübingen, published by Cotta political newspaper Recent world customer. Because the sheet has been banned from the royal court of Vienna for political reasons, Johann Friedrich Cotta published the newspaper in Stuttgart under the name Allgemeine Zeitung out now with Ludwig Ferdinand Huber as Chief Editor. A conflict with the Duke of Württemberg brought with it that Cotta relocated the newspaper in 1803 in the Bavarian town of Neu -Ulm. Huber was appointed in the following year to the Council for Higher Education in the newly created administrative region of Swabia of the Bavarian state. Shortly thereafter, he died.


  • Miscellaneous Writings of the author of the secret court (1793)
  • Essays in the preliminaries of peace (1794-1796) and Clio (1795-1798)
  • All works since 1802, ed. by Therese Huber
  • The great spectacle. Selected writings on the French Revolution, ed. by Sabine Dorothea Jordan (Stuttgarter work for German Studies, No. 284, 1994).