Ludwig Marcuse

Ludwig Marcuse ( born February 8, 1894 in Berlin, † August 2, 1971 in Bad Wiessee ) was a German - American philosopher and writer.


The Jewish haute bourgeoisie entstammend, Marcuse took after completing school in 1913 to study philosophy in his hometown on. Later he moved to Freiburg im Breisgau, to continue his studies in the field of literature. In 1917 he received his doctorate in Berlin with Ernst Troeltsch with a dissertation on Friedrich Nietzsche.

Nietzsche remained all his life a guiding star, he protected against the many fashionable monopolization ( and more concretely, the Nazis ) knew how to defend himself during his time in the United States: " Nietzsche is the unluckiest of the history of philosophy. It was translated by illiterate not only in her German, but also in their reality. "

After a brief stint as an assistant at Troeltsch Marcuse worked as a freelance writer and theater critic in Berlin, Königsberg and Frankfurt am Main. After the seizure of power by the National Socialists in 1933 he was forced because of his Jewish origin, to leave Germany. Until 1939 he lived - like many other German intellectuals - in Sanary -sur -Mer. In the same year he succeeded, after a six-month stay in the Soviet Union, the flight to the USA. There he took up a professorship at the University of Southern California in Los Angeles, where he taught German literature and philosophy. He also wrote under the pseudonym Heinz Raabe.

After the Nazis had deprived him from Germany in 1937 ( his works were in the period from 1933 to 1945 in Germany banned ), he received American citizenship in 1944. His younger sister Edith was deported in January 1942 in Berlin -Charlottenburg, she died (Marcuse literally " dead " ) on 8 May 1945 at the age of 48 years. In papers from the estate which has come to Marcuse, she described the everyday situation of Jews living in Berlin in 1941. Together with her mother Edith had lived in a small guest house in Berlin -Charlottenburg, until a porter denounced. The mother died in 1942 at the age of 78 years due to heart failure.

After the end of World War II Marcuse held temporarily on in Germany to be permanently in Bad Wiessee settle again at the beginning of the 60s. Here he died in 1971.

The "big, not thanked reconnaissance of the German " (Hans Heinz Hahnl ) wrote in addition to his books, numerous theater reviews, reviews and comments on current events. The latter around for a radio broadcast of the Bavarian Radio Symphony Orchestra in the early 60s.

In his literary work, he was based mainly on the writers of the 19th century and the expressionists of the 20th century. This example resulted in his publications on Ludwig Borne, Heinrich Heine, August Strindberg and Georg Büchner. He also published two autobiographies. His individualistic philosophy is in the book by Karl -Heinz Hense luck and skepticism - have been studied Ludwig Marcuse's philosophy of humanism.


  • The individuality as a value and the philosophy of Friedrich Nietzsche. Inaugural Dissertation for the doctorate approved by the Faculty of Friedrich -Wilhelms -Universität zu Berlin. Day of graduation: May 4, 1917 Speakers:. Ernst Troeltsch and Alois Riehl. Self- Verlag, Berlin 1917
  • Strindberg. The life of the tragic soul. Franz Schneider, Berlin / Leipzig in 1920 New edition by Diogenes, Zurich 1989
  • Reprint ibid. 1977, as Fischer -Taschenbuch ( FiBü 6499 ), Frankfurt am Main 1985
  • Revision as: Ludwig Borne. From the early days of German democracy. Peter, Rothenburg ob der Tauber 1968 currently at Diogenes, ISBN 978-3-257-20259-5
  • Revision as: Heinrich Heine. Melancholic - champion in Marx - Epicureans. Peter, Rothenburg ob der Tauber 1970 currently at Diogenes, ISBN 978-3-257-06505-3
  • Reprints Rowohlt ( rororo 185 ), Hamburg 1956 and Diogenes ( detebe 20078 ), Zurich 1973
  • Currently at Diogenes, ISBN 978-3-257-20021-8
  • Revision as: Non Lorene illusions: Szczesny, Munich 1965 New edition as: philosophy of Un -happiness: Diogenes, Zurich 1981
  • Currently at Diogenes, ISBN 978-3-257-20035-5
  • Currently at Diogenes, ISBN 978-3-257-20192-5
  • Currently at Diogenes, ISBN 978-3-257-21158-0
  • Currently at Diogenes, ISBN 978-3-257-21085-9
  • Revision as: My history of philosophy. Diogenes, Zurich 1981
  • Revision as: thinking with Ludwig Marcuse. Diogenes Zurich 1984
  • Currently at Diogenes, ISBN 978-3-257-20193-2

Posthumously published:

  • Letters to and from Ludwig Marcuse. Diogenes, Zurich 1975
  • A panorama of European spirit. Texts from three millennia ( as editor ). 3 volumes, Diogenes, Zurich 1975
  • Essays, portraits, polemics. The best essays from four decades, edited by Harold von Hofe. Diogenes, Zurich 1979
  • The Tale of the security. Diogenes, Zurich 1981
  • How old may be updates? Literary portraits and reviews. Diogenes, Zurich 1989, ISBN 978-3-257-01825-7