Luis de Molina
Life and work
Luis de Molina studied law in Salamanca ( 1551-1552 ), Philosophy in Alcalá de Henares ( 1552-1553 ) and Coimbra ( 1554-1558 ) and theology in Coimbra ( 1558-1562 ). Since 1553 Jesuit, he taught philosophy from 1563 to 1567 in Coimbra, Évora theology in 1568, and since 1591 in Cuenca. In 1600 he was appointed Professor in the moral Jesuit College in Madrid.
After Molina due the interaction of divine grace and free will, the justification and the moral acts ( concursus divinus ). Through the idea of a scientia media Molina tries to unite the divine omniscience with free will: God knows beforehand how its created free creatures will choose under the specified conditions; therefore God can create the conditions so that people choose freely according to his purpose ( however, the praemotio - physica tenet of Thomists ).
In his book Liberi arbitrii cum gratiae donis, divina praescientia, providentia, praedestinatione et reprobatione concordia he taught the conditional nature of divine healing intentions through the rear view of the known? Ahead will of man. This view was disputed by the Dominicans as anti- Thomistic, opposed by many Jesuits ( Molinists ) defended, creating a grace dispute arose, which afterwards continued in the Jansenist dispute.
In 1607 Pope Paul V forbade further discussion to a papal decision; this never took place, so that the "Draw" in 1607 is now regarded as definitive.
Molina also commented on the state and the economy, society and law and morality; he is regarded as a liberal economy on the ethics of late scholasticism.
- Liberi arbitrii cum gratiae donis, divina praescientia, providentia, praedestinatione et reprobatione concordia, ed J.Rabeneck, Madrid 1953
- Commentaria in first intention Divi Thomae partem, 2 vols, Cuenca 1592
- De justitia et jure, 6 vols, 1595-1609 Cuenca