Luis of Spain, Count of Chinchón

Luis Antonio Jaime de Borbon y Farnesio (* July 25, 1727 in Madrid; † August 7, 1785 in Arenas de San Pedro, Ávila province ) was the sixth and youngest son of King Philip V and thus Prince ( infante ) of Spain. His mother was the second wife of Philip V., Elisabetta Farnese, Duchess of Parma; he was the younger brother of the Spanish king Charles III. (reigned 1759-1788 ).


As Don Luis de Borbon had no view on the throne, his family chose for him an ecclesiastical career. Although since the Council of Trent (1545-1563) the granting of patronage rights as a personal advantage ( ex gratia ), that is, without the actual exercise of ecclesiastical office was forbidden, he was - after long negotiations with the Roman Curia - at the age of eight years ( 1735) by Pope Clement XII. appointed Cardinal and Archbishop of Toledo. Six years later (1741 ) he was appointed Archbishop of Seville, so that he was financially well secured.

However, since he as a grown man felt no inclination to an ecclesiastical career and was more interested in art and music, and in the hunt and the art of fencing, he gave in 1754 all his ecclesiastical superiors, and thus much of the resulting income on - it remained for him but an annual compensation payment in the amount of 946 107 Reales from the revenues of the archbishopric of Toledo about his activities over the next seven years is not known. In 1761 he acquired the lordship of the city Boadilla del Monte, just outside Madrid for the price of just under 1.2 million Reales and the neighboring county of Chinchón.

In Boadilla del Monte he built a representative residence of his friend, the architect Ventura Rodríguez in the years 1761-1765 - the Palacio del Infante Don Luis, where he led an art hard-working experienced bachelorhood and artists ( including Francisco de Goya and Luigi Boccherini ) as guests and interlocutor received. A few years after his socially unacceptable love marriage to the sixteen- year-old María Teresa de Vallabriga in 1776 or shortly thereafter moved the nearly 50 -year-old Luis de Borbon and his family in the co- designed by Ventura Rodríguez Palacio de la Mosquera in Arenas de San Pedro in the province of Ávila to which, however, was not completed in its entirety. His young wife bore him three children, but they were all excluded from the succession and were allowed to approach the Spanish court only up to a distance of 20 leagues.

Luis de Borbón died on August 7, 1785 and was buried in the chapel of his palace in Boadilla del Monte. In 1800 his remains were transferred to the Pantheon of the Escorial.


  • Luis María de Borbón y Vallabriga (1777-1823) - 14th Count of Chinchón, then Archbishop of Toledo and Cardinal; buried in the Cathedral of Toledo
  • María Teresa de Borbón y Vallabriga (1780-1828) - after the resignation of her brother, the 15th Countess of Chinchón 1 and Marquesa of Boadilla del Monte; ∞ Manuel de Godoy; buried in the chapel of the Palacio del Infante Don Luis
  • María Luisa de Borbón y Vallabriga (1783-1846); ∞ Joaquín José de Melgarejo y Saurin, Duke of San Fernando de Quiroga; also buried in the chapel of his father's palace