Luise Rainer ( born January 12, 1910 in Dusseldorf ) is a German actress. She is the first person who twice won in 1937 and 1938, an Academy Award for Best Actress and the only German actress to ever receive this award. Her career in Hollywood began in 1935 and ended after a dispute with her studio already in 1938. Luise Rainer is one of the few surviving stars of their generation, and is currently the oldest living Oscar winner.
Life and work
Luise Rainer received her training as a theater actress between 1927-1928 at the ' Academy of Performing Arts ', which was the Schauspielhaus Dusseldorf by Louise Dumont and Gustav Lindemann connected. A first commitment they had from 1928 to 1931 at the Schauspielhaus in Dusseldorf. After that, she was hired by Max Reinhardt at the Vienna Theater in der Josefstadt. She was a respected young actress in Germany and Austria, as Louis B. Mayer personally in 1935 for MGM under contract. The Studiopublicity launched Rainer as an Austrian. It was marketed as the new Greta Garbo; the same method Mayer turned on even when Hedwig Kiesler, which he renamed Hedy Lamarr.
Her first Hollywood role was Luise Rainer in 1935 on the side of William Powell in Escapade after Myrna Loy had a strike for more money and refused the role. In addition to the Powell Rainer acted in two other movies. Even with her second role as Anna Held in the lavishly produced musical The Great Ziegfeld in 1936 she was awarded the Academy Award for Best Actress. Became famous for the scene in which Anna Held, newly divorced from Ziegfeld, this congratulates his new wedding on the phone while her tears hidden behind a smile. Such scenes were subsequently become a trademark of coach who also won the New York Film Critics Circle Award for the presentation. Because of their emotional film appearances she even got the nickname " the Viennese teardrop" - "the Viennese teardrop". 1937 Rainer was used in The Good Earth as a Chinese peasant woman who experienced famine and revolution and sacrificed for man and family. The role of O-lan has little text, but Luise Rainer won through facial expressions and gestures. From 1938, the audience showed only little interest in her films and the actress broke the end of their existing contract and left Hollywood. In the studio, the actress was seen as difficult. In addition, to have regularly talked into it in the career planning her then husband Clifford Odets. After a few performances at the theater in 1943, she turned her last U.S. film and then retired permanently to London. Plans for a comeback were dashed in the following years. Federico Fellini wanted to use the actress in La Dolce Vita. When Rainer stated that they should shoot a bed scene with Marcello Mastroianni, she traveled precipitously from the filming of Rome again. Then the actress withdrew and returned only two guest appearances back to the canvas. 1997 Luise Rainer was seen as a grandmother in The Gambler by Károly Makk based on the novel by Fyodor Dostoyevsky.
Rainer was married in second marriage to publisher Robert Knittel, son of the Swiss writer John Knittel. They have a daughter.
Rainer is still the only German actress who won an Oscar for best actress, and she was in front of Spencer Tracy, the first person who was two years in a row in one of the most important categories successfully. She traveled twice to Los Angeles at the Oscar awards. 1998 and 2003 In addition, she has received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. A Facebook initiative, suggestions of columnists, fans and the Central Council of Jews in Germany caused the organizers of the German boulevard of stars to Luise Rainer to appreciate 5 September 2011 with the 21 star, after they have when setting up the boulevards was left empty-handed. Rainer expressed her by saying " How beautiful that you can not forget about me in Germany has " delighted. Currently, she is the oldest living Oscar winner.
A star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame, height 6300 Hollywood Boulevard, recalls the actress.