Lwów School of Mathematics

The Lviv mathematicians school (Polish Lwowska szkoła matematyczna, Ukrainian Львівська математична школа ) was next to the Warsaw and the Cracow mathematician school one of the three centers of Polish mathematicians school. The Lviv mathematicians school was formed in the years 1918-1939 by a group of mathematicians who worked at universities Lviv ( Lvov is the Polish Lwów, or the now Ukrainian Lviv ). The most important member and the unofficial head of the school was the mathematicians Stefan Banach. An essential publication organ of the Lviv mathematicians was the journal Studia Mathematica, founded in 1929. Many members of the Lviv mathematicians circle as many Polish mathematician ever were during the time of the occupation of Poland by the Nazis or the Soviet occupiers (Lviv was 1939-41 in the Soviet- occupied part ) murdered, particularly in the context of mass killings in Lviv in the summer of 1941.


  • Herman Auerbach (1901-1942)
  • Stefan Banach (1892-1945; considered the founder of modern functional analysis )
  • Marek Kac (1914-1984)
  • Stefan Kaczmarz (1895-1939)
  • Antoni Łomnicki (1881-1941)
  • Stanisław Mazur (1905-1981)
  • Władysław Orlicz (1903-1990)
  • Stanisław Ruziewicz (1889-1941)
  • Stanisław Saks (1897-1942)
  • Juliusz Paweł Schauder (1899-1943)
  • Hugo Steinhaus (1887-1972)
  • Włodzimierz Stożek (1883-1941)
  • Stanisław Ulam (1909-1984)

One focus of the work was the functional analysis. Characteristic of the group were intensive discussions at the local house Kawiarnia Szkocka, the discussions were held in the so-called " Scottish Book". The later acting in the U.S. mathematician Ulam has captured the problems discussed there in books.


  • Science and research in Poland
  • History of Mathematics
  • Lviv