Bottle Puffball ( Lycoperdon perlatum )
The puffballs ( Lycoperdon ) is a fungal genus of the family of mushroom relatives ( Agaricaceae ). Up to the Hasen- Puffball (L. utriformis ) puffballs are divided into a sterile stalk and a spore- producing headboard. The name refers to the mature fruiting bodies, spores fizzles dust inside the touch or pressure in a significant cloud.
The fruiting bodies are more or less pear-shaped. Under the chambered basal carrying the spores along with scalp ( Gleba ), there is a chambered, sterile fruiting body part ( Subgleba ). After the maturity of the fungi open at the top with a hole. The peridia, that is, the outer cover of the fruit body is twice. The outer peridium is often spiny to warty abschuppend.
The puffballs are saprobiontische bottom dwellers. Only the pear Puffball ( Lycoperdon pyriforme ) growing on decaying wood.
The genus of puffballs formerly belonged to the now obsolete subclass of the stomach fungi ( Gastromycetidae ), where to order Stäublingsartigen ( Lycoperdales ). Today it is of order ( Agaricales ) associated with mushroom -like in the subclass Agaricomycetidae.
Worldwide occur about 50 species. For Europe, the following taxa are known or expected to be:
Bag Puffball lycoperdon excipuliforme
Dwarf willow Puffball lycoperdon frigidum
Flake Puffball lycoperdon mammiforme
Flaking Puffball Lycoperdon marginatum
Soft Puffball Lycoperdon molle
Smelly Puffball Lycoperdon nigrescens
Bottle Puffball Lycoperdon perlatum
Pear Puffball lycoperdon pyriforme
Brown peat moss Puffball lycoperdon subincarnatum
Brown Puffball lycoperdon umbrinum
Rabbit Puffball lycoperdon utriforme