Madison is the capital of the U.S. state of Wisconsin and the administrative seat of Dane County in southern Wisconsin. Madison is with 221 735 inhabitants according to Milwaukee the second largest city in Wisconsin. Madison is a university town, administrative and economic center and a core city of a metropolitan Madison. The city is the seat of the Episcopal Diocese of Madison Catholic Church.
Is named Madison to James Madison, the fourth President of the United States.
- 5.1 Media
- 5.2 Education
- 7.1 Sons and daughters of the town
- 7.2 personalities who have worked on site
At the beginning of the 19th century lived Ho-Chunk Indians, also known as Winnebago, in the area of present-day Madison. This called the area " Taychopera ", which means " Land of Four Lakes" ( Lake Mendota, Lake Monona, Lake Kegonsa and Lake Waubesa ). After the Black Hawk War in 1832, the Indians had left the country by the U.S. government, which began in 1835 to sell it. Among the buyers was also James Duane Doty, a land speculator and lobbyist who (4 km ²) acquired approximately 1,000 acres on the isthmus between Lakes Mendota and Monona. Together with partners, he planned the future city of Madison. Under influence of Doty was decided in 1836 to move the capital of what was then Wisconsin Territory of Belmont from centrally located between Lake Michigan and the Mississippi River location, but at that time existing only on paper Madison.
1837 settled the first settlers, and the construction of the first capitol in Madison began. After Wisconsin 1848 State of the United States was, Madison remained the capital, and counted 626 inhabitants. In the same year the University of Wisconsin was founded. In the following years the city grew rapidly. 1854 reached the railway Madison, which contributed significantly to the economic growth of the city in the following years. 1856 Madison City (City of Madison ) and had 6,864 inhabitants. The first settlers came from the east coast. They were soon followed immigrants from Europe, especially from Germany, Ireland and Norway. After the first Capitol had become too small, began in 1857 the construction of the second capitol in Madison. This was completed in 1869 and burned in 1904 from. Then in 1907 started the construction of the current, third Capitol. Completion was 1917.
Geography and climate
Madison is located in the center of Dane County in southern Wisconsin, west of Milwaukee and northwest of Chicago.
Madison is often referred to as "The City of Four Lakes" Lake Mendota, Lake Monona, Lake Waubesa and Lake Kegonsa. Downtown Madison is located on an isthmus between Lake Mendota and Monona Lake.
Madison is located, similar to the rest of the American Midwest, in a continental area, especially noticeable by the huge difference between summer and winter temperatures.
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Culture and sights
- Chazen Museum of Art (formerly the Elvehjem Museum of Art)
- Geology Museum of the University
- Madison Children's Museum
- State of Wisconsin Historical Museum
- Textile Museum of the University
- Wisconsin Veterans Museum
- Wisconsin State Capitol, with a viewing platform and an allegorical representation of the Germania in the Senate Hall
- Monona Terrace ( according to a plan by Frank Lloyd Wright)
- First Unitarian Society Meeting House ( Frank Lloyd Wright)
- State Street ( pedestrianized shopping street )
- University of Wisconsin -Madison
- Lake Mendota and Lake Monona
- Various Indian grave mounds, inter alia, on the university campus ( near the observatory )
- Memorial Union, with a traditional German be painted Ratskeller
- Memorial Union Terrace On the Terrace, located right on Lake Mendota, will be mainly in the warmer months, young and old. Both students, graduates and locals gather here to enjoy the many recreational opportunities that are offered here. These include the possibilities of a canoe or borrow a sailboat to join the Sports Club Hoofers to try local beer in the Rathskeller, the " Brat subject" to enjoy sausages, learn or simply enjoy the view. Every Monday evening will be held movie nights where the latest films will be shown in a free performance. During the summer months, the so-called " Hot Summer Nights " will take place, where bands play a wide variety of genre ( from salsa to punk ) free concerts.
Botanical and zoological gardens
- Allen Centennial Garden of the University of Wisconsin -Madison
- Arboretum of the University of Wisconsin -Madison
- Botany Garden of the University of Wisconsin -Madison
- Henry Vilas Zoo
- Olbrich Botanical Garden
Economy and infrastructure
In Madison, two daily newspapers, the Capital Times and the Wisconsin State Journal to appear. The free city magazine is published weekly Isthmus. Local television programs are MCC12 (Madison City Channel ), MMSD (Metropolitan Madison School Districit ) WBUW ( WB57 ), WHA (PBS ), WISC -TV ( CBS), WKOW ( ABC27 ), WMSN ( FOX47 ), WMTV ( NBC15 ) and WYOU (Wisconsin Community TV ).
A special feature is the weekly newspaper The Onion. This is a satirical newspaper in which only messages can be found that do not correspond to the truth. The editions are appearing to get across Madison free.
Founded in 1848 University of Wisconsin -Madison is one with more than 40,000 students (as of 2009 ) the largest and most prestigious public universities in the United States. The campus is located adjacent to the city center on the southern shore of Lake Mendota. The "Red Gym" houses the Information Centre of the University for students and visitors.
As in many American universities Sport plays an important role. The home games of the football team will be held at "Camp Randall Stadium ". The basketball and hockey teams play in the " Kohl Center ". The official mascot of the University of teams is the badger " Buckingham U. Badger ." His nickname is, however, " Bucky Badger ".
The University colors of the University of Wisconsin -Madison are cardinal red and white.
According to the census in 2010 lived in Madison 233 209 people in 102 516 households. The population density was 1311.6 people per square kilometer. In the 102 516 households lived statistically 2.17 per person.
The racial the population was composed of 78.9 percent white, 7.3 percent African American, 0.4 percent Native American, 7.4 percent Asian and 2.9 percent from other ethnic groups; 3.1 percent were descended from two or more races. Regardless of ethnicity were 6.8 percent of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.
17.5 percent of the population were under 18 years old, 72.9 percent were between 18 and 64 and 9.6 percent were 65 years or older. 50.8 percent of the population was female.
The median annual income for a household was $ 54,093. The per capita income was $ 30,595. 18.4 percent of the population lived below the poverty line.
Sons and daughters of the town
- Andrea Anders, actress
- John Bardeen, physicist, and 2-time Nobel Prize winner (Physics)
- Peter Barrett, Professor of Finance and Business Law and Olympic sailing
- Hendrik Wade Bode, an electrical engineer
- Christopher " Chris " Robert Broach, musician
- Connie Carpenter - Phinney, cyclist
- Tyne Daly, Actress
- Brent Michael Davids, composer
- Kevin Dean, hockey player
- Meanwhile, Michael, a musician, composer and university teacher
- Chris Farley, actor
- Phil Hellmuth, Poker Players
- Phil Kessel, American ice hockey player
- Paul Manning, screenwriter and film producer
- Rob Marshall, director and choreographer
- Max Mason, a mathematician and physicist
- Brian J. Nelson, Composer
- Tracy Nelson, singer
- Chris Noth, actor
- Bradford W. Parkinson, Aerospace Engineer
- Gena Rowlands, actress
- Ryan Suter, American ice hockey player
- Mary Sweeney, film producer, editor and director
- Bradley Whitford, actor and screenwriter
- Thornton Wilder, writer
Personalities who have worked on site
- Elroy Hirsch (1923-2004), football player
- August Sauthoff (1873-1950), physician and psychiatrist
- Harry Sauthoff (1879-1966), lawyer and politician
- Howard M. Temin (1934-1994), biologist and Nobel laureate
- Frank Lloyd Wright (1867-1959), architect
Film records in Madison
- Stroszek (1977 )
- Back to School (1986 )
- For Keeps (1988 )
- I Love Trouble - Outrageous Fortune (1994 )
- Out of Control (1996 )
- The great artist ( 1997)
- The Deep End of the Ocean (1999)
- Side Effects (2005)
- The Last Kiss (2006)
- Barefoot to Jerusalem (2008)
- Public Enemies (2009)