The Main- Tauber-Kreis is the northernmost district in Baden- Württemberg. It belongs to the Heilbronn-Franken region in the Region of Stuttgart and is virtually congruent with Tauberfranken. The county is part of the holiday landscape Tauber Valley.

The district is bounded on the northwest and north by the districts of Miltenberg and Main-Spessart, in the north- east by the district of Würzburg, on the east by the counties Dietersheim -Bad Windsheim and Ansbach (all Bavarian ), and on the south by the district of Schwäbisch Hall to the Hohenlohe district and on the west by the Neckar- Odenwald-Kreis.

The Main- Tauber-Kreis is part of the metropolitan region of Stuttgart and has the uniqueness to three other metropolitan areas to border (Rhein- Main, Rhine -Neckar and Nuremberg).

  • 4.1 Kreistag
  • 4.2 District
  • 4.3 Coat of Arms
  • 4.4 District Partnerships
  • 5.1 Commercial areas
  • 5.2 traffic 5.2.1 Road Traffic
  • 5.2.2 Rail transport
  • 5.2.3 Water transport
  • 5.2.4 Air Transport
  • 5.3.1 monastery Bronnbach
  • 5.3.2 Energy Agency


The Main- Tauber-Kreis has share of the land and to the north by the foothills of the Spessart. The district runs through the south-east of the coming Tauber, a left tributary of the Main river, which flows in Wertheim. Both rivers gave the district its name.

Due to its location in the rain shadow of the Odenwald and Spessart, the Main- Tauber district is characterized by dry and warm climate. The duration of sunshine in summer reaches similar values ​​as the Upper Rhine.

The deepest point of the Main- Tauber -Kreis located near Freudenberg at 125 m above sea level. NN, the highest point in Bad Mergentheim 482 m above sea level. NN.

The Main- Tauber-Kreis, with its north- south extent of about 100 km though one of the largest of the 35 counties in Baden- Württemberg, but he also has the lowest population density of all on. In the district of Main -Tauber-Kreis, there are 35 legally prescribed nature reserves with a total of 1052.3 hectares, which represents approximately 1 % of the area of the district. The conservation areas are complemented by more than 170 natural monuments ( faces or single objects, usually trees) and other protected areas such as Landscape protection areas.

The list of places in the Main- Tauber district contains about 280 places (towns, villages, hamlets, farms and residential places) of the Main- Tauber -Kreis in the geographical sense.


In the Main- Tauber-Kreis has the following 32 conservation areas:

  • Adell: 18.2 ha; District Königheim (municipality Königheim )
  • Altenberg: 87.0 ha; Igersheim district (municipality Igersheim )
  • Apple Mountain: 22.5 ha; Gamburg district (municipality Werbach )
  • Physical Ried: 22.5 ha; Wölchingen district (municipality Boxberg )
  • Birch Mountain: 26.0 ha; Districts Mergentheim and Edelfingen (municipality Bad Mergentheim )
  • Dörre Wieslein: 2.5 ha; Districts Pülfringen community and Brehmen (municipality Königheim )
  • Edelberg: 4.2 ha; District Sachsenflur (municipality Lauda- Königshofen )
  • Ellenberg / Kapf: 17.5 ha; District Dertingen (municipality Wertheim )
  • Erlenbruchwald the Lichteler Landturm: 0.84 ha; District Rinderfeld (municipality Niederstetten )
  • Erlenwald redness / Strüt: 7.6 ha; Ebenheid district (municipality Freudenberg)
  • Gutenberg: 12.2 ha; District Dertingen (municipality Wertheim )
  • Haiger reason: 59.4 ha; District Königheim (municipality Königheim )
  • Hohenberg: 23.5 ha; District Sachsenflur (municipality Lauda- Königshofen )
  • Holzberg: 25 ha; Districts Finsterlohr and Archshofen (municipality Creglingen )
  • Hunsenberg: 7.6 ha; District high Hausen (municipality Tauberbischofsheim )
  • Kailstadt / Mühlhelde: 37 ha; Districts Schweigern and Bobstadt (municipality Boxberg )
  • Cold Mountain: 13.0 ha; District Königshofen (municipality Lauda- Königshofen )
  • Small Knöckle: 6.1 ha; Althausen district (municipality Bad Mergentheim )
  • Langenfeld: 36.2 ha; District Königheim (municipality Königheim )
  • Suffering Rain: 30.9 ha: district Wertheim (municipality Wertheim )
  • Lindachstraße: 16.3 ha; District Bernsfelden (municipality Igersheim )
  • Lindenberg: 8.7 ha; Werbach district (municipality Werbach )
  • Made and pigeon hole: 5.9 ha; Gemarkungen eggs home and Kuelsheim (municipality Kuelsheim )
  • Flour Mountain: 4.7 ha; District Königshofen (municipality Lauda- Königshofen )
  • Neuhaus: 79.4 ha; Districts Mergentheim (municipality Bad Mergentheim ) and Igersheim (municipality Igersheim )
  • Upper Rimbacher Sinkholes: 71.2 ha; Districts Oberrimbach (municipality Creglingen ), Wildlife Bach (municipality Niederstetten ) and play stream (municipality Schrozberg )
  • Marigold biscuits / Weinhaldenstrasse: 90 ha; Districts Edelfingen (municipality Bad Mergentheim ) and Unterbalbach (municipality Lauda- Königshofen )
  • Stammberg: 79.6 ha; Districts Tauberbischofsheim and diene city (municipality Tauberbischofsheim )
  • Steinriegel landscape between Weikersheim and Elpersheim: 77.3 ha; Districts Weikersheim and Elpersheim (municipality Weikersheim )
  • Dry slope in Lötal: 3.3 ha; Schweigern district (municipality Boxberg )
  • Bird sanctuary at Tremhof: 46.5 ha; District Freudenberg
  • Wormental: 19.2 ha; Werbach district (municipality Werbach )


When that became effective on 1 January 1973 by force of Baden-Württemberg district reform the Altkreise Mergentheim and Tauberbischofsheim and parts of the county also resolved Book were united to the new district Tauber. On January 1, 1974, he was renamed in Main- Tauber-Kreis. County seat was Tauberbischofsheim, although this is only the fourth largest city in the county. It is, however, relatively central. The two Altkreise Bad Mergentheim and Tauberbischofsheim go back to the same old top offices or offices. The former Württemberg Oberamt Mergentheim in 1810, after the transfer of the territory to the Kingdom of Württemberg, set up, renamed in 1934 in district Mergentheim and 1938 transferred to the district Mergentheim, who received some communities of the dissolved district Gerabronn. In Tauberbischofsheim existed from 1813 from Baden Office, which was changed in the course of the story several times and was finally transferred in 1938 with the involvement of the dissolved Office Wertheim in the county Tauberbischofsheim. The places of the district until 1972 Book related part of the Main- Tauber-Kreis belonged until 1936 to the Official Adelsheim. The district reform in 1973, causing an administrative district, composed of former Baden and Württemberg communities. After completion of the local government reform it still comprises 18 municipalities, including eleven cities and of these, in turn, two large district towns ( Bad Mergentheim and Wertheim ). Largest city is Wertheim, smallest municipality is Wittighausen.

Population Development

The population figures are census results (¹) or official updates by the State Statistical Office of Baden- Württemberg ( only primary residences ).



The district council is elected by the voters in the district for 5 years. This body elects the District for a term of 8 years.

Since the last municipal election held on 7 June 2009, the county council has 48 members. The turnout was 56.77 % (-1.6 ). The choice was as follows:

Another member of the county council and its chairman is the district administrator.


The District 's legal representative and a representative of the district as well as Chairman of the County Council and its committees. He directs the district office and is an official of the circle. His area of ​​responsibility includes the preparation of the district council meetings and its committees. He shall convene meetings, directs this and implements the decisions taken there. In the bodies he has no voting rights. His deputy is the first state officials.

The district councils of the district Mergentheim 1945-1972:

The district councils of the district Tauberbischofsheim 1945-1972:

The district administrators of the Main- Tauber -Kreis since 1973:

Coat of arms



District partnerships

  • District of Bautzen, Saxony, since 1990
  • Powiat Ząbkowicki, Poland, since 2007
  • Tolna, Hungary, since 1991

Economy and infrastructure

The Main- Tauber district, around 48 266 jobs. Unemployment is at 3.3% (as of September 2012) just half as large as in Germany and lower than the national average. Around 48 % of employees are engaged in manufacturing, followed by trade ( 18%) and other services ( 34%). In agriculture and forestry only 1 % of all employees work, where wine production in two-thirds of the municipalities. A hallmark of the region 's economic strength and diversity. The Main- Tauber-Kreis in this case has a mixture of large, medium and small companies in various industries.

The main industries in the Main- Tauber-Kreis are mechanical engineering, woodworking and glass industry. From ever greater importance is health care.

Commercial priorities

For the medium-sized Main- Tauber-Kreis, in addition to the manufacturing sector of importance:

  • Formerly also Bundeswehr locations ( today only at the Army - Niederstetten )
  • Health (such as spa in Bad Mergentheim )
  • Sports ( fencing center with Olympic base Tauberbischofsheim )
  • Tourism ( cycling, hiking, culture, Culinary Studies )
  • Viticulture ( eg in Lauda- Königshofen, Markelsheim or Weikersheim )



The Federal Highway 81 into southwest-northeast direction from Heilbronn to Würzburg across the district area to the terminal points Boxberg, maple and Tauberbischofsheim. It opens just beyond the county and state border at the junction Würzburg- West to the Federal Highway 3 Würzburg and Frankfurt. This is the connection point Wertheim / Lengfurt in the district only in the far north. The southern district is on the Federal Highway 7 in Rothenburg ob der Tauber connected to the motorway network. In addition, several federal, state and county roads open up the county. A major trunk road is the B 19 Schwäbisch Hall of Würzburg and the federal highway 290 which opens up the middle Tauber valley between Tauberbischofsheim and Bad Mergentheim. Although the circle to the Region of Stuttgart heard the northern and central district area is oriented more in the Würzburg area. The city of Würzburg is just a few kilometers away.

A ferry connects Main Mondfeld with the Bavarian Stadtprozelten in the district of Miltenberg.

Rail transport

The Franks railway, the main line Würzburg- Lauda- Heilbronn, was opened by the Baden State Railways in 1866. From Lauda was led 1867/68 the Tauber Valley Railway downstream to Wertheim and 1869 - branching in Königshofen - deaf up to Bad Mergentheim, where it has been extended by the Württemberg State Railways on Weikersheim to Crailsheim.

The first opened in 1909 branch line Weikersheim - Creglingen joined in Bieberehren a Bavarian local train to Ochsenfurt. The Bavarian State train departed from Wertheim from 1881 main upstream to Lohr and from 1912 down the Main to Miltenberg. The railway construction graduated in 1914 from the spur track Tauberbischofsheim King Home of the Baden State Railways.

The railway network had reached 116 km length in a circle; which, to date, twelve kilometers shut down (but were the individual routes that crossed the county boundaries, and were shut down, a total much longer ):

The Tauber web is transferred from the Westfrankenbahn and the Franks train from DB Regio AG - operated - Business Württemberg.

The Main- Tauber-Kreis joined the transport association Rhein- Neckar in April 2003. Since its uniform tariff conditions apply on all routes, a transitional arrangement allows the use of VRN- ticket up to Würzburg Hbf the VRN- rates can be driven by the Tauber to Mannheim, Heidelberg and Alsace with standard rates.

Water transport

Mainhafen Wertheim. For Wertheim shipping has always been of great importance, since one could take advantage of the situation on the Main and Tauber very good. The result of Mainhafen Wertheim is already in the Wertheimer county. The Tauber mouth seemed to be a perfect natural harbor, and there were until well after the Second World War, a ship pier in the main peak upstream reaching. This was used both as a passenger and for freight.


With the airfield Niederstetten the Main- Tauber-Kreis has an airfield.

County facilities

The District Office is the municipal authority of the county and at the same time lower state administrative authority with a wide range of different functions: service and contact for citizens and businesses. The District Office is headed by the District Administrator. As the District Office District Office performs tasks that can be performed for the circular area only consistently exceed the capacity of the municipalities in the county or. A district authority district office is their own responsibility; it is subject to the legal supervision of the Regional Council and the Interior Ministry. As a state agency, the District Office shall exercise the powers which are conferred by law the jurisdiction of the lower administrative authority. The District Office is legal supervision of the municipalities belonging with exceptions of the major district towns ( Bad Mergentheim and Wertheim ) and checks as reviewing authority, the legality of decisions of these communities.

The Main- Tauber-Kreis is Schulträger following Vocational Schools: Building School Bad Mergentheim (including with technical secondary school ), Commercial Sciences Bad Mergentheim (including with commercial high school ), Vocational School for Nutrition, Care and Education ( EPE) Bad Mergentheim (including with nutrition 's Scientific gymnasium), Professional school Tauberbischofsheim (including with technical secondary school ), Commercial School Tauberbischofsheim (including with commercial high school ) and vocational Royal School Center Wertheim (including with technical school, business school and Biotech gymnasium), and also the following special schools: school in the Tauber Valley - School for Mentally Handicapped with Schulkindergarten Lauda- Königshofen ( Unterbalbach ) and branch office in Wertheim, School of speech-Impaired Boxberg and school kindergarten for mentally and physically handicapped Wertheim ( Waldhausen ).

The " hospital and nursing homes Main-Tauber GmbH" ( KHMT ) consists of the hospital Tauberbischofsheim, the adjacent Senior Center Home Mountain with residence and maintenance areas, and the senior center Gerlachsheim. Effective January 1, 2012, the Health Holding Tauberfranken gGmbH as a common company law and organizational umbrella of the Caritas hospital Bad Mergentheim gGmbH ( CKBM ) and the KHMT founded. , the holding company formed by the three partners Merciful brothers Trier with 51 percent, the Caritas of the Diocese of Rottenburg -Stuttgart with 29 percent and the Main- Tauber district with 20 percent. Both the CKBM and the KHMT stay as there are independent companies. shareholder of KHMT be in the future, however health Holding Tauberfranken with 94.9 percent and the Main- Tauber-Kreis with 5.1 percent. the same applies to the CKBM. Here also is the Gesundheitsholding Tauberfranken shareholder with 94.9 percent, the original shareholders still hold 5.1 percent.

1986 acquired the Main- Tauber-Kreis, the former monastery Bronnbach to prevent further deterioration of the valuable buildings. Meanwhile, there inter alia a cultural center established.

Monastery Bronnbach

The former Cistercian Abbey, Bronnbach is since 1986 owned by the Main-Tauber -Kreis and is idyllically located on the lower run Tauber, close to the major district town of Wertheim. The Main- Tauber-Kreis has further developed the property into a spiritual- scientific and cultural center. Today, four Fathers of the Missionaries of the Holy Family make spiritual work. Scientific institutions such as the Fraunhofer Institute for Silicate Research, process and metrology, composite Archive Main-Tauber or the museum of rural heritage are focal points for business and historically interested people. Numerous cultural events are offered under the name " Bronnbacher cultures " and the guest house Bursariat and in the Orangery -date meeting rooms and accommodation options available. View the latest piece of the puzzle is the " Bronnbacher Academy ", which invites you to interesting lectures and education programs on the subjects of history, music, Weinan and expansion, art and business. A special treat is the created in Prälatenbau " wine shop Tauber Valley ". There, in the historic vaulted cellar 20 wine producers present from across the Tauber Valley and present their best products available. Since 1 January 2007, the Main- Tauber-Kreis has summarized his Bronnbacher activities in -house operation " Bronnbach Monastery ".

Energy Agency

The Energy Agency was established in December 2008 as a company of the Main- Tauber -Kreis in the legal form of a GmbH. Its sole shareholder is the Main- Tauber-Kreis. The Agency promotes and complements the range of tasks of the district office Main- Tauber district in the areas of climate and environmental protection, economic development, agriculture, and waste recycling. Main issues in this respect are the energy saving, energy efficiency and increased use of renewable energies. The focus of the work lies in the advice, information and knowledge.

Cities and Towns

Agreed administrative Communities