Makete (written, in part, ' Mwakete ') is one of seven districts of the Iringa Region in south-western part of Tanzania, which was founded in 1979 with the policy of Ujamaa; previously belonged to the area administratively to Njombe. Makete is divided into six divisions and 17 districts. The 2002 census showed in the 97 villages and towns with a population of 106 061 inhabitants, of whom 45.8 percent were male and 54.2 percent female. Makete bordered to the east by Njombe, to the south by Ludewa and the west and north of the Mbeya region.
The area of the district is 5800 km ², of which only 371 km ² can be used for agriculture. The country is situated at an altitude of 1500 to 3000 meters above sea level and is crossed by both the Livingstone Mountains as well as the chain of Kipengere Mountains. The temperatures on the mountains 2-20 ° C and 20-30 ° C on the plateau, the annual precipitation amounts to 1500-2800 mm in the mountains and 300 to 800 mm on the plateau. Important rivers coming from the mountains are Numbi, Kimani, Luvanyila and Ijangala.
The currently biggest challenges to be met for management are a better transport infrastructure and better health care. HIV / AIDS is a particular challenge in the region represents the HIV -positive individuals tested increased from 1988 to 2002 from 3,900 to over 10,000 persons. In particular, the care for orphaned children make up a large part of the expense. A project funded by the UNICEF program Mama Mkubwa provides financial support for it. Approximately five percent of children up to 17 years are orphans. A variety of non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and faith-based organizations (FBO in English ) emphasize in their work, in particular the fight against under - and malnutrition.
Agriculture contributes to the livelihoods of most people in the District Makete significantly. Because of the moderate temperatures due to the high altitudes mainly wheat and potatoes are grown; also seen pumpkin, Phaseolus beans and peas widespread in the batch cultivation. Likewise climatically adapted Obstbāume such as plums, peaches, apples and pears are widespread. The area is also known for its bamboo wine ( ulanzi ), which is made from the fermented juice of the wine bamboo ( Oxytenanthera braunii ). Traditionally, the men hire themselves out of the Makete district as pickers in tea plantations in the country. Only recently, maize was introduced into the area. Various pets are kept, where cattle graze mostly on community pastures, while goats, pigs and chickens are kept rather close to the house. In a majority of the rural households guinea pig (Cavia porcellus ) are kept as meat animals, but they come in official statistics hardly ever. Locally called the animals simbilisi, a Kihehe word. The leaves of the bamboo wine are usually fed in Makete in guinea pigs.
Districts ( Wards )
Administratively, the Makete district is divided into the following 17 districts ( Wards ):