Makoto Kobayashi (physicist)
Makoto Kobayashi (Japanese小林 诚, Makoto Kobayashi, born April 7, 1944 in Nagoya ) is a Japanese physicist who is known for his work in the field of CP violation. He received the Nobel Prize for Physics in 2008.
Makoto Kobayashi studied at Nagoya University and then worked at the University of Kyoto.
His famous article CP Violation in the Renormalizable Theory of Weak Interaction, which he published in 1973 together with Toshihide Masukawa, is the third most frequently cited article on SPIRES (as of 2006). The result of this work is the CKM matrix, which determines the mixing parameter of the quarks.
The CKM approach postulates the existence of a third generation of quarks, which was confirmed four years later with evidence of bottom quarks. In addition, the earlier discovered CP violation is incorporated into the standard model over it.
In 1985 he was awarded the Sakurai Prize and in 2007 with the High Energy and Particle Physics Prize of the EPS. Currently (2007) he has been active in Tsukuba at the particle accelerator at the KEK whose time director he was. He is there, " Diamond Fellow" at the Institute for Nuclear and Particle Studies ( INPS ). He was appointed to the person with special cultural merits in 2001.
In 2008 he received together with Toshihide Masukawa and Yoichiro Nambu received the Nobel Prize for Physics.
Kobayashi is married and has two children Emiko Kobayashi, Yuka and Junichiro Kobayashi.