Malabo is the capital of the State of Equatorial Guinea, it is located on the north coast of the island of Bioko. On the west coast of Africa in the Atlantic Ocean it is home to approximately 155 963 inhabitants. It is also the capital of the northern island of Bioko Norte Province.
The municipality of Malabo in 2003 was among others the following parts of town:
- Zona del Ministerio de Industria
- Parque de las Naciones Unidas
- Centro historico
- Los Angeles
- Antiguo Lamper
- Africa 2000
- Pinta Silvo
- Nuevo Lamper
- Ela Nguema
However, the list is certainly incomplete, because the rapid growth of the city has led to further new settlements, whose official status is unclear. There are, for example here To name Paraiso, Buena Esperanza, but especially the location in the south, urban planning major project Malabo Dos.
The city was founded in 1827 by Britain as Port Clarence. Initially it was used as a naval base, which aimed to suppress the slave trade. Many freed slaves were settled there, to Sierra Leone was founded as a colony for freed slaves. Many of the former slaves resettled in Sierra Leone, others remained in the neighborhood of Malabo, and even today one finds their descendants there. When the island of Bioko in 1843 went over again in Spanish possession, the city was renamed Santa Isabel. Many buildings from the era of the Spanish colonial architecture have been preserved today and dominate the skyline of the old town, highlights in particular the completed 1916 by Luis Segarra Llairadó, imposing Gothic cathedral and the presidential palace, both located in the Plaza de la Independencia.
From 1916 to 1919 lived on the island numerous German Cameroonian protection force. Two nearly forgotten monuments remind us of them, they were exposed in 2009 by the German embassy again and first wreaths were laid down in it.
The national elections to provincial assemblies in the context of Spain of the first concessions to demands emancipation led on 21 June 1960 the first indigenous mayor, Wilwardo Jones Níger. He was followed since Abilio Balboa Arking (June 1961 -? ), Antonio Ribeiro Ebuera, Julio Bonete Eiye, Vidal Djoni Bekoba, Tomás Alfredo Tomas King, Rosendo Toichoa, Felipe Beta Tobachi, Antonio Reibeira Ebuera, Elias Manuel Macho Ricacha, Basilio Cañadas Idjabe, Cristina Djombe Djangani, Vicente Ebong Uwa, Bernardino Edu Oba, Victorino Bolekia Bonay and Gabriel Mba Bela (2000 - ). In 2013 was the Mayor María Coloma Edjang Bengono.
Santa Isabel in 1969 made the capital of the new state of Equatorial Guinea. In 1973 she was renamed as part of a campaign of then-President Francisco Macías Nguema to replace European place names by African in Malabo, it was named after a king of the Bubi, Löpèlo Melaka.
Economy and infrastructure
The Malabo airport or is the busiest airport in Equatorial Guinea and is situated about nine kilometers west of Malabo.
The greatest influence on the current situation Malabo has the Punta Europa, a 15 -square-mile industrial area on the coast north-west of Malabo. On the Punta Europa operate several U.S. companies, including Marathon Ashland Petroleum, EG LNG, methanol and other Atlantic a base for the production of natural gas and oil. The Punta Europa operates there also a private pier, can be refueled at sea ships. Marathon Ashland Petroleum promotes at the Punta Europa claims to be about 3.7 million tonnes of LPG.
In Malabo has a tropical climate.
- Genoveva Añonma (* 1989), football player