The district Malappuram ( Malayalam: മലപ്പുറം ജില്ല ) is a district in the southern Indian state of Kerala. Council is based in the eponymous city of Malappuram. Malappuram is the most populous district of Kerala and is the only Muslim-majority.
The district Malappuram is located in the northern half of Kerala and is bordered to the west by the Arabian Sea, on the south by Thrissur District, on the southeast by the Palakkad District, on the northeast by the neighboring federal state of Tamil Nadu (District Nilgiris ), and the Wayanad District and the North to the Kozhikode District.
The district has an area of 3,550 square kilometers and extends from the Malabar coast in the west to the Nilgiribergen in the East, a part of the Western Ghats, which form the natural border between Kerala and Tamil Nadu. The mountains in the district area reach altitudes of up to 2,340 meters. Through the district area flow three major rivers. From north to south these are the Chaliyar in the north, the Kadalundi and the Bharathapuzha.
The district Malappuram is divided into six taluks Nilambur, Ernad, Tirurangadi, Perin Thal Manna, Tirur and Ponnani.
The area of Malappuram came in 1792 after the end of the Third Mysore War under British rule. The British annexed the area as part of the district of Malabar in the Madras Presidency. During the British colonial period there were repeated riot on the part of the Muslim population against the colonial power, which culminated in the Moplah Rebellion of 1921. After the Indian independence in 1956 came Malappuram Kerala, which had arisen after the linguistic boundaries of Malayalam from the district of Malabar and Travancore -Cochin Federation. As an independent district is Malappuram since 1969. It was formed from parts of the districts of Kozhikode and Palakkad, which in turn were caused by division of the old district of Malabar.
According to the 2011 census, the district Malappuram has 4,110,956 inhabitants. He is the most populous district of Kerala. The population density is 1,158 inhabitants per square kilometer even higher than the already high average in the state. The population growth is the highest of all districts of Kerala: In comparison to the last 2001 census, the population has risen by 13.4 percent, while the population of all of Kerala grew by only 4.9 percent in the same period. 44.2 percent of the residents of District Malappuram live in cities. The degree of urbanization corresponds to the average of the state ( 47.2 percent). Even literacy rate is 93.6 percent close to the average of Kerala ( 93.9 per cent).
The district Malappuram district of Kerala is the only and most of South India with a majority Muslim population: According to the 2001 census, 68.5 percent of the population profess Islam. The remaining population consists mostly of Hindus ( 29.2 percent). Christians represent different than in many parts of Kerala with 2.2 percent, only an insignificant minority dar.