Malaysia Airlines, MAS short, is the largest Malaysian airline based in Kuala Lumpur and based on the Kuala Lumpur airport. MAS is a member of the oneworld airline alliance.
1947 Malaysia Airlines started as Malayan Airways, but was renamed Malaysian Airways. After independence, Singapore was in 1966 in Malaysia Singapore Airlines ( MSA) renamed. MSA operation, among others, a number of aircraft of type Boeing 707
1971 Malaysia Singapore Airlines was divided (MAS ) into the two airlines Singapore Airlines and Malaysian Airline System. This created two leading airlines in Asia. First, MAS flew with nine Fokker F-27 and three Britten- Norman Islander only targets within Malaysia. 1974 time a Boeing 707 was used for weekly flights to and from London. Shortly thereafter, as more cities Amsterdam, Zurich and Frankfurt. In 1976, the airline is the first DC-10- 30; 1979 six Airbus A300; and 1982 was followed by two Boeing 747-200, which was first headed for destinations in the USA.
1987, the Company received its present name; the acronym MAS remained and the appearance was renewed.
Munich came in 1992 as a new target in the line of flight plan and MAS continued to expand. 1994 met the first Airbus A330 as a replacement for the DC-10 and also the first MD- 11th In 1997, the airline is the first Boeing 777, the Boeing 747-200 and DC -10-30 replaced on long-haul flights.
Malaysia Airlines was - like other airlines in Asia - severely weakened by the Asian crisis in the late 90s; it came to line closures, aircraft have been sold or returned to the lessor. It was not until the beginning of 2000, the airline began and continued its expansion. In 2005 the airline by Skytrax was awarded the " 5 -Star Airline Award " and ranked the world's economy class as best.
Malaysia Airlines is a member of IATA and carries around 14 million passengers. She is listed in the FTSE Bursa Malaysia KLCI and has several subsidiaries such as MAS Aero Technologies, MASkargo Logistics, FlyFirefly or Malaysian Aerospace Engineering.
On 9 August 2011, a framework agreement on cooperation with the Tune Air Sdn Berhad was closed, which owns the airline AirAsia and AirAsia X. These companies are currently the biggest competitor of MAS. After that departments purchase of airplanes, maintenance and training of MAS and Air Asia airlines should cooperate more with each other in order to achieve cost savings.
The main hub of Malaysia Airlines is located at the Kuala Lumpur airport. Other nodes are located in Penang, Kuching and Kota Kinabalu. In Germany, Frankfurt am Main is five times weekly flights from Kuala Lumpur with a Boeing 777- 200ER. The airline connects Kuala Lumpur continue with Los Angeles (via Tokyo), Cape Town, five cities in Australia, and several destinations in India and Southeast Asia. The entire route network includes more than 100 destinations. Malaysia Airlines was the only Asian airline that Buenos Aires had approached, the connections to South America and South Africa, but were canceled in early 2012 due to lack of profitability. The four A380 on routes Kuala Lumpur - London ( twice daily), Kuala Lumpur - Paris and Kuala Lumpur - Hong Kong used.
As of March 2014, the fleet of Malaysia Airlines consists of 103 aircraft with an average age of 9.3 years:
- On December 4, 1977 hijacked Boeing 737 exploded on the Malaysia Airlines Flight 653 on Tanjung Kupang, Johor; all 100 passengers and crew members were killed.
- On September 15, 1995, a Fokker 50 crashed while landing at the Tawau Airport from Borneo, with 34 of the 53 passengers died.
- On March 7, 2014, the contact with a Boeing 777- 200ER 9M- MRO of the Malaysia Airlines flight 370 tore off. She was from Kuala Lumpur to Beijing go. There were 227 passengers and 12 crew members on board.
- On board the First Class of the Airbus A380 of Malaysia Airlines young children are not admitted to two years. This also applies to the entire upper deck for all children under 12 years.