Maly Theatre (Moscow)
The State Academic Maly Theatre of Russia (Russian Государственный академический Малый театр России ) is a mid-18th century based theater in Moscow, Russia. The main stage of the theater is located in a 1824 built building in the center of Moscow, in the immediate vicinity of the Bolshoi Theatre.
The term Maly Theatre literally means " Little Theatre ", which should serve ( " Grand Theatre " ) at the time of demarcation to the Bolshoi Theatre.
While considered the oldest public theater of the Russian Empire in 1750 by the son of a merchant and amateur actor Fyodor Volkov founded stage in Yaroslavl, the Maly Theatre to the first professional institution of its kind in Moscow and the second oldest Russian theater was. As the founding year of the theater is considered 1756: at that time was on adoption of the Empress Elizabeth, the Maly Theatre, originally called Peter Theatre ( Петровский театр ), furnished. Initially, the theater was an institution of the Moscow University recently created, and the first troops of the theater consisted of students. There also actresses collectives of former serfs and even a gypsy troupe were hired later. The present name Maly Theatre received the house after the foundation of the Bolshoi Theatre in 1776.
In the 1820s both the Maly Theatre and received his " big" counterpart as part of the reconstruction work in Moscow after the war against Napoleon to one another in each case a new building nearby. The two buildings were a few hundred meters from the Kremlin, at a place now called again as a theater space. Specifically, the 1824 completed Maly building was a remodeled by city architect Joseph Bové Kaufmann residence. On 14 October the same year there was a first idea of the theater at the new location.
With Mikhail Shchepkin the Maly Theatre committed in the 1830s one of the most famous Russian actor of the time, what the house brought a great reputation. Thus, among other things, the most famous piece by Alexander Griboedov, mind creates suffering, first performed at the Maly Theatre in the uncensored version, with Shchepkin in one of the lead roles. In the late 19th century dramas and comedies were performed by Alexander Ostrovsky several times, which is considered one of the most well-known Russian-language playwrights. A monument to Ostrowski was later erected at the entrance of the theater building, where it stands today. In addition to Russian classics as well as famous foreign works have been performed, including about Schiller's Intrigue and Love and Lessing's Emilia Galotti. A variety of female lead roles was played by the famous actress Marija Yermolova.
Both later in the Soviet times as well as today to make performances of classical pieces, including works by Ostrowski, the activity focus of the Maly Theatre. In 1995, a new stage of the Maly Theatre was opened ( including musical) for non-classical formats. Since 1988, the actor Yuri Solomin is the artistic director of the Maly Theatre.