Manchu alphabet

The Manchurian script is an adaptation of the Mongolian script for the language of the Manchus, a Tungusic language.



The Manchurian script is written as the Mongolian script and the traditional Chinese writing from top to bottom.


The Manchurian writing was the official script of the Chinese Empire during the Qing Dynasty in addition to the Chinese characters. Manchu inscriptions are still evident in the Forbidden City.

After the Manchurian tradition ( manju -i yargiyan kooli, Chinese :满洲 实录Mǎnzhōu ShiLu ) decided the Manchu leader Nurhaci in 1599, adapting the Mongolian script for the language of the Manchu people. He regretted that uneducated Chinese or Mongols were able to understand their own language when it was read to them. That was not the case with the Manchus, whose documents were recorded by Mongolian writers. The resulting font was tongki fuka Aku Hergenstadt ( " font without dots and circles ").

It was not until 1632 added Dahai added diacritical marks to eliminate the many ambiguities of Mongolian script.



The Manchurian font has 131 syllables: