Singh grew up as the child of a peasant family, which belonged to the religious community of the Sikhs, in what is now Pakistani part of Punjab on, and studied at the Punjab University, and later as a fellow in England at the universities of Cambridge and Oxford Economics. 1958 married Gursharan Kaur Singh, the Indian woman, with whom he has three daughters.
After Singh in 1962 to study with the doctoral degree ( Ph.D.) was completed at Oxford University, he worked from 1966 to 1969 for the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD ). In the 1970s, he was a lecturer at the University of Delhi and worked in the Foreign Trade and Ministry of Finance in New Delhi.
From 1982 to 1985 he was head of the Reserve Bank of India. He also sat on the Executive Board of the International Monetary Fund. In 1991 he became finance minister in PV Narasimha Rao's government at a time when the Indian economy weakened and the national debt was very high. During his tenure as finance minister he gained a reputation as a successful economic reformer, liberalized the state-run economy. This made him popular especially among the rural population. He is considered the father of the Indian economic miracle in the 1990s.
After the general election in India 2004 Singh was elected as the 14th Prime Minister of India since independence from British colonial rule (1947 ), after the top candidate of the victorious Congress Party, Sonia Gandhi, had rejected the government office.
The main objective of Singh are tangible benefits to the two-thirds of the Indian population living on agriculture. He also promises to support public and private investment. Manmohan Singh is a member of the religious community of the Sikhs and is the first non- Hindu, who was elected Prime Minister.
Even a half-hearted approach to Pakistan took place in the context of cricket diplomacy.
2007 Singh said in view of recurrent flaming violent activities of Naxalites and Maoists in India, the left-wing extremism is the greatest domestic threat to his country.
In the parliamentary elections in India in 2009 led by the Congress Party coalition was able to expand its majority yet, so Manmohan Singh was elected Prime Minister again on 22 May 2009. On 28 May 2009 he presented to the public for his coalition cabinet.
Singh is a member of the Club of Rome.
In early January 2014, the 81 -year-old Singh announced his imminent retirement from politics. He called this for Rahul Gandhi as his successor, and warned of a possible takeover Narendra Modi of the Bharatiya Janata Party, which he called " disastrous for the country" known as.
Since 2009, Singh had to deal with allegations of corruption. In 2010, the scandal over mobile phone licenses has been known in which India made a loss of around 27 billion euros. As a result, had the then Minister for Communications and Information Technology A. Raja appear in court. He is accused of having awarded 85 of 122 licenses far below the usual price. In 2012, Coalgate was known in the Singh is mentioned directly by the Indian Court of Auditors on the report because it projects the Ministry of Coal. Coalgate exceeded with an estimated 207 billion euros lost state money even the scandal of the mobile licenses.