Maradi is the capital of the region of Maradi in Niger. It has approximately 265,000 inhabitants, is the third largest city in the country to Niamey and Zinder.
Location and structure
The city is located in the south of the country near the Nigerian border and is located at the junction of Great Landscape Sudan Sahel. The neighboring municipalities are Tibiri in the north, Djiratawa in the east, south and Sarkin Yamma Safo in the west. Maradi is a city ( ville ) and community with special status ( statut particulier à commune ), which consists of three arrondissements: I Maradi, Maradi Maradi II and III. These in turn are divided into a total of 15 Neighborhood: Bozou Dan Zambadi, Mazadou Djika, Soura Bildi and Zaria I in Maradi I Bagalam, Makoyo, Sabon Gari I, Sabon Gari II and Zaria II in Maradi II and Ali Dan Sofo, Assao, Gourja Dan Goulbi, Maradaoua and Yandaka in Maradi III.
Maradi was founded around the year 1790 by a animists called Barki. Around 1820 another group animists moved from Katsina to the site. Their religious leader Gomki had the title Maradi worn at the court of the ruler of Katsina, which was adopted as the name of the new settlement. When the Fulani had the Hausa state of Katsina finally conquered in 1812, Maradi became the target of refugees from Katsina, but also the rule of the Fulbe first had to submit. 1819, the Fulbe governor in Maradi was killed in a revolt. The Fulbe it failed in several battles to regain control of the site. In Maradi, an independent from Katsina State was formed out subsequently, who took the heritage of the Hausa tradition Katsina.
But in 1835 lost Maradi and its allies against Katsina the decisive battle of Dakourawa, now a village in the municipality of Ourno. Maradi Zamdam had to submit to, a small vassal state of Katsina. The following decades were marked by numerous unsuccessful attempts to break the supremacy of the Fulani military. However, while the importance of Katsina fell slowly, Maradi developed until around 1880 become an important trade center that attracted numerous immigrants and received a fortification. 1893 lost Moussignaoua, the then Sultan of Maradi, the power in the city and founded in Tessaoua a second Sultanate, which also saw himself in the tradition of the former Hausa State Katsina.
Had first from 1890, the line Say- Barwa been regarded as the boundary between the French and the British sphere of influence, the Sultanate Maradi, Zinder Tessaoua and 1898 were awarded in a deal France. 1923 opened the first European boutiques in the city, in 1924, the telephone connection after Madaoua and Tessaoua was put into operation. The colonial administration in 1944 sparked the Sultanate Katsina - Maradi and downgraded the sovereign of Maradi to the province chief. 1955, a year after Niamey and Zinder, Maradi was raised as a third place in Niger an independent municipality. 2002 was converted to an association of municipalities ( communauté urbaine ) of three municipalities ( communes urbaines ). When the floods in West and Central Africa 2010 411 inhabitants of the municipality Maradi II were classified as disaster victims. The municipality composite was 2010 in a city ( ville ) and community with special status ( statut particulier à commune ) and converted the existing municipalities in arrondissement. In the same year, the Niger government was the traditional ruler of Maradi again to the Sultan.
In the 1977 census, Maradi had 44 458 inhabitants in the census 1988 110 005 inhabitants in the 2001 census 147 038 inhabitants. In the 2012 census, the population was 264 897. Maradi is predominantly inhabited by Hausa. Smaller units provide Fulani and Tuareg as well as members of Nigerian ethnic groups like the Yoruba and Ibo.
Culture and sights
In the city there is a branch of the Abdou - Moumouni University of Niamey. Be taught electrical engineering, civil engineering and mechanical engineering.
The city is the seat of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Maradi.
Economy and infrastructure
Maradi is an old trading town. In the surroundings of peanuts are grown. Maradi is located on the National Road 1, which here is part of the international highway Dakar - N'Djamena -highway, as well as on the National Road 9 and the National Highway 18 leading to the border with Nigeria. In the city there is a civilian airport, the Maradi Airport ( IATA code: MFQ, ICAO code: dRRM ). In Maradi, there are 90 primary schools, of which 25 are private schools. The city is the seat of the Tribunal de Grande Instance, one of the nation's ten civil courts of first instance.
- Ibrahim Baré Maïnassara (1949-1999), army officer and politician
- Mariama Gamatié Bayard ( b. 1958 ), politician and women's rights activist
- Kassoum Mamane Moctar (* 1978), politician
- Mamane Oumarou (* 1945), politician and diplomat, mayor of Maradi
- Ibrahim Yacouba (* 1971), politicians, trade unionists and sports official