Pagnol was born in 1895 in Aubagne. His father, Joseph, was a primary school teacher and his mother, Pauline Henriette ( called Augustine ) Lansot, was a seamstress. 1898 his brother Paul, 1902 his sister Germaine and 1909 his brother René were born. Soon after the birth of the last child Augustine died of a lung ailment.
Pagnol grew up as a child in Provence and Marseille in 1904 and wanted to be an English teacher first. The success of his early stage works let him pursue a career as a dramatist. Pagnol attended high school Thiers, later he graduated from the University of Aix -en- Provence. In 1916 he married Simone Collin.
From 1927 lived Pagnol as a freelance writer. From a love affair with Kitty Murphy, his son Jacques emerged. 1932 left Pagnol Paris and founded in Marseille his own film studio. 1933 gave birth to Orane Demazis his son Jean Pierre. 1935 Yvonne Pouperon became the mother of Pagnol 's third child, Francine. 1941 he had divorced his first wife, Simone; a year later he sold his movie studio. In 1944, Pagnol was president of the Société des Auteurs et Compositeurs Dramatiques.
1945 Jacqueline Bouvier married Pagnol, a year later they got their son Frédéric. In the same year, 1946, was Marcel Pagnol member of the Académie Française. The daughter Estelle was born in 1951 but died in 1954. During the birth of Pagnol 's fifth child, 1951, his father Joseph died, the hero of his autobiographical books.
Marcel Pagnol, who was honored as Honorary Consul of Portugal and Monaco, died 1974. He is, as most of his family, buried in La Treille, the place that shaped his childhood. The local hills of the Colline du Garlaban, play best-known novels and films in the Pagnol, also called " Collines de Pagnol ".
Became popular Pagnol at Petit Théâtre de Paris with the pieces Marius (1929 ), Fanny (1931, later a successful musical of the same name by the two librettists, SN Behrman and Joshua Logan and the composer Harold Rome on Broadway ) and César ( 1936), which dealt with the people of his hometown of Marseille. These pieces have also been successfully adapted for the cinema, and so Pagnol devoted during the 1930s mainly this medium and created some other classics of French cinema: Angèle (1934 ) Regain (1937) and The Baker's Wife ( 1939).
Between 1957 and 1959, Pagnol 's autobiographical novel Souvenirs d' enfance trilogy appeared ( German as a childhood in Provence ). Many decades, this is standard reading of French students and established Pagnol undiminished popularity in France. These works learned translations into different languages , in addition to German ( by Pamela Wedekind ) and English, among other Chinese and Danish. In 1977, posthumously, a fourth part. The childhood memories were also processed in 1990 by Yves Robert to two movies.
- La gloire de mon père. Pastorelly, Monte - Carlo 1957 ( filmed as My Father's Glory, 1990).
- Le château de ma mère. Pastorelly, Monte - Carlo 1957 ( filmed as The Castle of my mother in 1990 ).
- Le temps des secrets. Pastorelly, Monte - Carlo 1959 ( Marcel and Isabelle. The Time of Secrets).
- Le temps des amours. Juillard, Paris 1977 ( A time for love, from the estate ).
Other Publications (selection)
- La petite Fille aux yeux sombres ( 1921)
- L' Eau des collines (1963 ) (The water of the hills ), novel published as separate books in two parts: Jean de Florette, first part, 1986 by director Claude Berri Jean Florette filmed
- Filmed Manon des sources, Part Two, 1986 by director Claude Berri as Manon's revenge
- Reissued in one volume: Éditions Julliard, Paris 1986.
- German 1964 in Langen -Müller The water of the hills in Munich published by Pamela Wedekind under the title of 1966-67 at Rütten / Loening in Berlin from 1968-73 at dtv Munich, bound edition at Niemeyer in Hameln (1995) and since 1997 Paperback by Piper -Verlag (ISBN: 3-492-22428-8 ).
- Les Marchands de gloire (1925 )
- Jazz ( 1926)
- Topaze (1928 )
- Catulle (1929 )
- Marius (1929), translated into German under the title The Golden Anchor (1929 )
- Fanny (1931 )
- Cesar (1946 ) Stage Version
- Judas (1955 )
- Fabien (1956 )
- Angèle (1978 )
- La Femme du Boulanger (1985 )
- Hamlet by William Shakespeare ( 1947)
- Les Bucoliques of Virgil (1958 )
- Le Songe d' une nuit d'été by William Shakespeare ( 1970)
- Angèle (1934 )
- Merlusse (1935 )
- Regain (1937 )
- Le SCHPOUNTZ (1938 )
- La Femme du Boulanger (1938 ), which won the New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Foreign Language Film 1940.
- Manon des sources (1953 )
- Lettres de mon moulin ( 1954) ( Letters from my Mill)