Marcus Garvey

Marcus Mosiah Garvey ( born August 17, 1887 in Saint Ann 's Bay, Jamaica, † June 10, 1940 in London) was a Jamaican politician and publicist, the more radical and founder of the Universal Negro Panafrikanist Improvement Association ( UNIA ) was known.


Garvey was born in 1887 in Jamaica Saint Ann 's Bay. He worked as a printer and lived in Kingston, inter alia, in London and New York City, where he worked as a speaker, Association politician, journalist and impresario. In 1914 he founded the UNIA, a black mass organization, the attention to set out with uniforms and marches and propagated an emigration of all blacks to Africa. To this end, Garvey founded a shipping company, the Black Star Line.

Garvey refused any cooperation with the whites and strove for racial segregation. He cooperated even with the Ku Klux Klan because he " open enemies of blacks rather than be perceived friends". Thus he came into conflict with the integrationist WEB du Bois and the NAACP.

In the 1920s, Garvey was the prophecy of the crowning of a black king in Africa who would bring the black liberation attributed. He contributed significantly to the emergence of the Rastafarian movement in his Jamaican home at. A 1930 newspaper report, drawn up by him on the crowning of Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie is interpreted by supporters of the movement as a confirmation of his earlier prophecy. He proclaimed himself " President of Africa" ​​, bestowed titles of nobility and founded an "African Legion". 1923 refused to grant him the Government of Liberia the reasons a settlement.

1923 Garvey's shipping line was insolvent and Garvey was sentenced to five years in prison for fraudulent bankruptcy. In 1927 he was deported to Jamaica. Although his personal influence declined, its political ideas have remained influential, as in the Industrial and Commercial Workers Union in South Africa, especially there in the Eastern Cape Province, and in the black civil rights movement in the U.S., such as the Nation of Islam. Garvey moved in 1935 to London, where he died in 1940.

In November 1964, the Jamaican Government Garvey was converted bones on the island and bury the National Shrine of Jamaica.