Margaret Mitchell

Margaret Munnerlyn Mitchell ( born November 8, 1900 in Atlanta, Georgia; † August 16, 1949 ibid ) was an American writer.

Gone For her published in 1936 Southern novel with the Wind ( Gone with the Wind ) in 1937 was awarded the Pulitzer Prize. The film adaptation of the same name from 1939 with Vivien Leigh and Clark Gable in the lead roles is one of the most successful films of all time.

Childhood and youth

Margaret Mitchell was born in Atlanta, the daughter of Mary Isabelle " Maybelle " Stephens and the Attorney Eugene Muse Mitchell. Your nickname under which she also sometimes occurred later in public, Peggy was.

After Mitchell finished their school and college education, she took over after the early death of his mother in 1918 away from home and began writing for the Atlanta Journal, a weekly column in the Sunday edition.


On September 2, 1922 Mitchell Berrien "Red" Upshaw married, which they did in 1924 divorced. On July 4, 1925 she married Upshaws friend John Marsh.

Gone with the Wind

Mitchell began the novel in 1926 to write when she was tied up because of injuries and arthritis longer time in bed. Her husband John Marsh bought her a used Remington portable typewriter on which they complete that more than 1,000 -page book within the next ten years.

The novel was published on 30 June 1936. During the same year, Mitchell sold the film rights to her book for $ 50,000 to the producer David O. Selznick.

1937 Margaret Mitchell was honored for Gone With the Wind won the Pulitzer Prize.

Later life and death

From the 1940s, Mitchell worked exclusively volunteer for charitable purposes. Among other things, they sponsored the medical education of underprivileged college graduates, founded emergency admissions for blacks and whites at Grady Hospital in Atlanta, was involved in the African- American Movement for Rights and Education of blacks in Atlanta and helped during the Second World War in various hospitals.

On August 11, 1949 Mitchell was hit while crossing Peachtree Street by a drunken taxi driver; her injuries were so severe that she never awoke from the coma. Margaret Mitchell died on August 16, 1949 in Grady Hospital and is buried in the Oakland Cemetery in Atlanta.

After Mitchell's death

1965 Mitchell was posthumously the " Shining Light Award " by the Atlanta Gas Light and WSB Radio station awarded for their "merits in the sense of humanity." In 1989, the Margaret Mitchell House, was written in the Gone with the Wind, was appointed mayor of Atlanta one of the official emblem of the city. In 1997 it was released to the public as a museum.

In 1987, the book pride and unyielding as Scarlett. Margaret Mitchell's letters to her childhood friend Allen Edee from the period 1919-1921. In 1996 followed the book Island of Lost Dreams, a novel that had been discovered in 1995, together with letters and photos by Margaret Mitchell in the estate of a childhood friend. In 2000 appeared Before Scarlett, a collection of previously unpublished stories and novellas, Margaret Mitchell had written between the ages of seven and 18 years.


  • Gone with the Wind. Claassen, Berlin 2000, ISBN 3-546-00239-3.
  • Island of lost dreams. Luebbe, Bergisch Gladbach 1996, ISBN 3-404-12885-0.
  • Pride and unyielding as Scarlett. Margaret Mitchell's letters to her childhood friend Allen Edee 1919-1921. Claassen, Berlin, 1987, ISBN 3-546-46753-1.
  • Before Scarlett. Girlhood Writings of Margaret Mitchell. Hill Street Press, Athens ( GA ), 2000, ISBN 1-892514-62-1. ( in English)