Mario Monti ( born March 19, 1943 in Varese, Lombardy ) is an Italian economist and politician. From November 16, 2011 until April 28, 2013, was Prime Minister of Italy. He headed a cabinet of non-party experts. After his resignation on 21 December 2012 Monti was appointed by President Napolitano, business leader to lead the official duties until a new election of the Prime Minister on. Monti is the founder of the party Scelta Civica ( Civic choice); from its foundation until the middle of 2013 he was also its chairman.
Monti received his doctorate at the Bocconi University in Milan for the Doctor of Economics and completed a post -graduate degree at Yale University in the United States.
He was a professor at the universities of Milan, Trento and Turin. From 1989 to 1994 he was Rector of Bocconi University and then to 1999 its president. Since 2004 he has been its president again, the mandate is suspended as long Monti Prime Minister of Italy is.
Monti is married and has two adult children.
1994 Monti was nominated by the Cabinet Berlusconi I for the post of European Commissioner for the Internal Market. He held until 1999 this office, he was until 2004 Commissioner for Competition, nominated by the Cabinet D' Alema.
The non-party at the time Monti was not nominated by the Italian government of Silvio Berlusconi after the end of his second term in 2004 again; his successor as Competition Commissioner Neelie Kroes and was his successor as Italian commissioner Franco Frattini was.
He was known primarily for his antitrust policy towards Microsoft and various automobile companies like Volkswagen. In 2000, the European Commission took on the advice Montis, North Rhine -Westphalia for its support of WestLB. In 2007 he was a member of the Council of Elders for the future of Europe.
9 November 2011 Monti was appointed senator for life by the Italian President Giorgio Napolitano.
Monti was after the resignation of Berlusconi as a promising candidate to replace him as Prime Minister of Italy. President Giorgio Napolitano favored a transitional government, which is led by a non- politicians and experts. On 13 November 2011 he was appointed by Napolitano to form a government. On November 16, he presented his cabinet and was sworn in as Prime Minister. The next day he gave his inaugural speech to the Senate and then in front of the Camera dei deputati ( House of Representatives); he swore he MEPs for tough austerity measures and announced cuts. Monti was until July 11, 2012, Economics and Finance of Italy, he was from this office to the former Vice Minister Vittorio Grilli.
Mario Monti waived a portion of his salary and uses for his business trips preferred public transport.
On 15 December 2011, he brought his package ( Salva Italia ), which provides, among other cuts in pensions, in the two chambers of Parliament and associated voting on the question of trust. The Chamber of Deputies said the Government Monti December 16, 2011 with 495 votes (88 votes against, 4 abstentions) from the trust.
In March 2012, observers konstatierten first successes. Other commentators expressed disappointment. He stated in September 2012, not wanting to run for a planned in spring 2013 election. Two weeks later, he commented that he hoped that there would be a clear victor. He stressed: "I do not expect that my services are needed. " The Wall Street Journal wrote on 28 September 2012: " The new Technokratenkabinett succeeded in pushing through epochal reforms in a few months. Monti and his ministers rolled up to the labor market, the pension and tax system - even if the lion's share of the resolutions is not yet implemented. "
2013 parliamentary elections
After the party Il Popolo della Libertà had not spoken to him in votes in the Senate and in the Chamber of Deputies in early December 2012, the Trust, Monti waited from the adoption of the budget law for 2013 and declared on 21 December 2012 his resignation. However, President Napolitano asked him to stay until the election of the Prime Minister -executive in office and drew the expected for April 2013 parliamentary elections on 24 and 25 February 2013.
Mario Monti, because He is already a senator for life, in the parliamentary elections themselves do not run for office. However, he declared his willingness to be elected prime minister after the elections again. However, a collaboration with Silvio Berlusconi, he ruled out definitely. On 24 December 2012, he presented the agenda Monti, a program to continue its reform policies. Focal points are in addition to the debt reduction, the reduction of bureaucracy and the fight against corruption and tax evasion. Also, Monti intends to use for more employment, especially among women and young people. End of December 2012 discussions were held to form a joint election list of various centrist parties rather than on the basis of the agenda Monti. Mario Monti's Twitter entry of 25 December 2012 Insieme ... " Saliamo " in politica! ( Together. climbing .. we in politics. ) Was understood by Italian media as an announcement that he is actively embarking on the campaign trail in party politics. On December 28, Monti said at a press conference the details of the candidacy of his supporters. The party he founded of Civil choice ( Scelta Civica ) could obtain in the House of 8.30% of the vote and 39 seats in the Senate could Montis joint list with the Union of mid achieve 9.13% and 19 voices.
Since his retirement, he still led the official business of the Government provisionally, before he was replaced by Enrico Letta on 28 April 2013.
Membership and activities in organizations
Between 2004 and 2008 he was a director of the Brussels-based think tank Bruegel and in the meantime its chairman. In 2010 he was involved in the founding of the Spinelli Group, which campaigns for the European federalism.
Until his appointment as Prime Minister of Italy in 2011 he was European chairman of the Trilateral Commission and the Steering Committee ( approximately Committee) of the Bilderberg Conference.
He is an international consultant at Goldman Sachs and Coca -Cola.