Marjorie Jackson AC, CVO, MBE (after marriage Marjorie Jackson - Nelson; * September 13, 1931 in Coffs Harbour ) is a former Australian track and field athlete and Olympic champion. From 2001 to 2007 she was Governor of the Australian state of South Australia.
Jackson was first known internationally than they in some sprint race, the multiple Olympic champion Fanny blanker - Koen struck in 1949. She received the nickname " Lithgow Flash " (flash of Lithgow, after her home in New South Wales).
After winning four titles at the British Empire Games in 1950, she was the big favorite at the 1952 Olympics in Helsinki. They lived up to expectations and won both the 100m and 200m. Maybe they would have won a third gold medal, but the Australian 4 × 100 - meter relay bailed at the handover. Because of their performance, Jackson was voted Athlete of the Year.
Between 1950 and 1954 Jackson won all Australian championship titles over 100 yards, 100 yards, 220 yards and 200 meters. Overall, she put on ten world records.
Marjorie Jackson married in 1953 the Australian cyclist Peter Nelson and resigned a year later from elite sport. 1977 her husband died of leukemia. Jackson subsequently founded in his name, a foundation that supports leukemia research. Jackson was also for several years Sportfunktionärin.
On 3 November 2001 Jackson was appointed Governor of South Australia. This office she held until August 8, 2007.
1953 she was awarded Member of the Order of the British Empire ( MBE).
In 1998, the Australian post a series of stamps with " Olympic hero " from, among them Jackson. At the 2000 Olympic Games in Sydney she wore - along with seven other former sporting greats - during the opening ceremony of the Olympic flag into the stadium.
On the occasion of their upcoming appointment as Governor was 2001 Companion of the Order of Australia ( AC). In 2002, she gave Elizabeth II at her Australia visit the Royal Victorian Order ( CVO )
2007, it was announced that it will receive the Olympic Order. This was handed her the following year at the Olympic Games in Beijing.
On November 14, 2013 Marjorie Jackson was inducted into the Hall of Fame of the World Association of Athletics Federations ( IAAF).