Markham (Ontario)

Markham [ mɑɹkəm ] is a city in the Regional Municipality of York, just north of the big city of Toronto ( Canada). Markham is the largest town Association of Canada and a part of the Greater Toronto Area. 1793 Markham was classified as a settlement area, then in 1794 first settled in 1972 and joined the city federation. Markham is the twin city of the German Nördlingen.

Markham comprises: Markham Village, Cornell, Unionville, Milliken, Thornhill, and other towns. While the city historically was considered a suburb of Toronto, as the local economy has become independent quite quickly. Many high -tech companies have Markham chosen as the site because of the large existing land, low taxes, and good infrastructure. How to Chose for example, ATI, IBM Canada, Apple and many other well-known companies as Markham head office for Canada. Therefore, the city called today like themselves as " High-Tech Capital" of Canada.

  • 4.1 Statistical Information


Markham is bordered to the west by Richmond Hill and Vaughan, Whitchurch- Stouffville in the north, to the east by Pickering and south to Toronto.


As Upper and Lower Canada had been founded in 1791, John Graves Simcoe was appointed vice-governor of Upper Canada. Simcoe named the settlement Markham to the north the city of York (now Toronto ) to his friend William Markham, Archbishop of York.

1794 William Berczy led 75 German -born families from the state of New York to Markham, each of which 200 acres of land were granted. But due to the hardships of life there, many returned back to the former York and Niagara. 1797 fled before the French Revolution, large parts of the French nobility to Canada to offer Canada's top to get free land to perceive. However, they were completely unprepared for survival under such harsh conditions, so most of them again returned a short time later in their ancient homeland.

From 1803 to 1812, the largest groups of new settlers of German descent from Pennsylvania; most were Mennonites. These skilled artisans and farmers had the best chance to survive there because they had to make do already in Pennsylvania in harsh conditions. As of 1830, many Irish, Scottish and English immigrants came to Upper Canada to escape the famine and overpopulation of their home countries.

The first form of structured municipal government was created in 1850 by the founding of the church Markham. On November 20 of 1872, the manager of York County signed an auxiliary law of the founding, which provided for the election of a municipal council in Markham. Until 1891, the village population of Markham grew to 1100.

Beginning in 1945 changed Markham quickly and fundamentally his face: it was no longer a community, whose inhabitants worked in the area. It evolved into a rapidly growing suburb, from which much of the population commuted to work in Toronto. The rural ambience Markham was so rapid urban growth to the victim.

In 1969, the community consisted of several villages of Markham, including Markham, Unionville and parts of today Thornhill. 1971, the Regional Municipality of York has been launched. In the course of this change parts of northern Markham the community Richmond Hill were annexed, while the municipality Markham was awarded city rights and the currently valid limits have been established.

1976 counted 56,000 residents Markham. 2011 reached the city just over 300,000 inhabitants. In these 35 years, so the population has more than quintupled.

Economy and infrastructure


Markham developed into a high-tech location. So have big companies in the IT and electronics industries to locate in the city. These include IBM Canada, Motorola, Toshiba, Lucent, Apple and ST Microelectronics ( Genesis Microchip ) and AMD. More companies are TD Waterhouse, American Express Canada. Another major companies in the automotive industry with headquarters in the city is Honda Canada. In Markham, there are several large shopping centers with more than 100 stores. These include Market Village with 170 stores, the Markville Shopping Centre with 250 shops, the Pacific Mall with 450 mini shops, as well as the Mall at South Unionville Square with 300 shops.


Markham has the Buttonville Airport via a regional airport.


Markham has lead several public schools up to class 12 ( high school). These include:

  • Bill Crothers Secondary School
  • Bur Oak Secondary School
  • Markham District High School
  • Markville Secondary School
  • Middlefield Collegiate Institute
  • Milliken Mills High School
  • Pierre Elliott Trudeau High School
  • Thornhill Secondary School
  • Thornlea Secondary School
  • Unionville High School

The only university that operates a campus in the city is the Seneca College of Applied Arts and Technology. At the university study about 20,000 students in full-time students and 75,000 part-time. Within a radius of Markham are other universities such as the Scarborough campus of the University of Toronto, North York campus of York University, and the Oshawa campus of the University of Ontario Institute of Technology.


The Mayor of Markham Frank Scarpitti is. The city council consists of the mayor, four regional councilors and eight councilors representing the eight electoral districts of the city. The mayor and regional councilors are elected as representatives überbezirklich the town of Markham.

Although the councilors are remunerated for their services by the city council, in many districts, however, take the Councils its mandate in addition to their actual work in another profession true.

The City Council elections are held in a rhythm of three years and the councilors are elected, accordingly, for a three year term of office.

Statistical information

Booth: 2001


Markham has a large proportion of Sino- burly population.


  • United States Cary (North Carolina), USA
  • Philippines Las Piñas, Philippines
  • Germany Nördlingen, Germany
  • United States Pearland (Texas ), USA
  • People's Republic of China Wuhan, China

Sons and daughters of the town

  • Chris Bahen ( b. 1980 ), Canadian ice hockey player
  • Daniel Morad (* 1990), Canadian racing driver
  • Steven Stamkos (* 1990), Canadian ice hockey player