Maroua is the capital of Cameroon region Extrême -Nord and the Department Diamaré. It is situated at 400 m above sea level. NN on the rivers and Ferngo Kaliao. According to an estimate from 2005, the city has 205 635 inhabitants.
Maroua was until the late 18th century, an old central town of Guiziga that have been pushed back since the arrival of the Fulbe in North Cameroon today's increasingly in the outlying areas of the mountainous regions. 1791/92 took the Fulbe under the leadership of Moodibbo Muhamman Same internal power struggles of Guiziga the cast of Maroua and built it to their northernmost outpost in the region. Already at the beginning of the 20th century to the population of the city amounted to 30,000. It was under the reign of the Fulani to the residence of a dependent Amir Fombina in Yola Subamirats.
In December 1893, the city was visited by the German explorers of Edgar Uechtritz and Siegfried Passarge. In January 1901 defeated at Miskin south of Maroua a division of the German colonial force under the leadership of Lieutenant Hans Dominik the army of Amir Djubayru b. Aadama. The reigning Ardo of Maroua, Aaamadu Rufaa'i, fled with Djubayru before the German occupation authorities, in turn, his brother Abdurraamaani Suyuudi initially began as governor and later appointed under the name suudi to Lamido. He managed under German protection an expansion of its sphere of influence at the expense of the indigenous population in the wider area.
1913, the town was temporarily seat of a German officer post. Moreover, the influence remained relatively low by the German colonial rule. After the First World War Maroua was part of the French Mandate.
Economy and infrastructure
The market of Maroua is one of the most important of Cameroon. The city is also a center of the cotton industry and is home to the Technical Centre Maroua ( Centre Technique de Maroua, CTM ) and the training center for young women Saare Tabitha.
The city has an international airport. Asphalt roads lead north to Mora and south to Guider. As a center of the region Maroua is also connected to the other cities of the Diamaré through a network of all-weather roads.
Three quarters of the population Marouas ( 74.6 %) belong to Islam. Christianity is the second largest religion with over 20 %. In the surrounding villages, there are sometimes still many followers of traditional African religions such as animists, in the city itself, however, hardly.
Tourism and Attractions
Maroua is known nationwide for its handicrafts. On the Market Square Diamaré Museum Art and Craft of ethnicities North Cameroon shows ( Mousgoum, Massa, Kapsiki ). To the north is the Waza National Park. West of the town Mokolo place with its reservoir. From there you can continue west to the village of Rhumsiki in his famous volcanic scenery, directly located at the Nigerian border lying.