Martin Moller ( born November 10, 1547 Ließnitz, today Kropstädt at Wittenberg; † March 2, 1606 in Görlitz ) was a German mystic and hymn writer. He is considered the co-founder of the Protestant devotional literature.
After visiting the town school in Wittenberg 1560-1566 Moller came in 1566 to the newly founded school in Görlitz, where he received intensive humanistic and theological education according to the principles of Philipp Melanchthon from its first rector Peter Vincent and his colleague Lawrence Ludovicus.
He was in 1568 cantor and preacher in the Silesian mountain lions Through the mediation of his teacher Ludovicus. In 1572 he received a pastorate at the neighboring Kress Sindelsdorf. With this first appointment, he was, as was traditional, automatically ordained at Wittenberg. Moller was awarded in 1575 the pastorate in Sprottau and finally took in 1600 an appointment as senior pastor at the Peter and Paul Church in Görlitz. The lack of formal theological studies was the city council as expendable because he finally " the basic teaching and studies," several years ago here learned Goerlitzer school have.
But already in the first year of his career, he Görlitz was drawn into the debate on Silesian Kryptocalvinismus. In particular, Salomon Gesner attacked him hard. In his warning to the ... Commons in Silesia, which they want for ripping Calvi niches ... Irrthumben provide ... (1601 ) attacked Gesner Moller's newly published major work practice evangeliorum sharply. Moller replied the following year with his Apologia (1602 ). In fact, Moller saw committed to Philippism and failed the onset in the second half of the 16th century Lutheran confessional narrowing of Reformation theology.
Moller went blind a few years after he took office at the Peter and Paul's Church and died at the age of 59 years in Görlitz. Among his community children was also the young Jacob Boehme, who was to come later in conflict with Moller's successor in office, Gregor Richter ( 1560-1624 ).
Moller's most important achievement was the co-founding a Lutheran devotional literature. It was his main reason to make the Reformation doctrinal statements as that of justification by faith in prayer and meditation for the personal, everyday piety perceptible. For this purpose he used the rich tradition of the pre-Reformation mysticism. Through his writings, for example, Bernard of Clairvaux and John Tauler were also open to the evangelical spirituality and thereby in turn influenced the future devotional literature and hymn seal. Moller also mentioned Arnulf of Louvain as Oratio Rhythmica known meditation Salve mundi salutare on the limbs of the dead Jesus, who later set to music Dieterich Buxtehude in his cantata cycle membranes Jesu Nostri.
Moller created several hymns, some of which can be found in the Protestant hymnal today, including: Heilger mind, you comforter my (EC 128), Moller German paraphrase of Stephen Langton Pentecost sequence Veni Sancte Spritus et emitte, and Record of us Mr. faithful God (EC 146). Well wrongly attributed to him is the song Oh God, how much heartache.
Johann Sebastian Bach wrote in his second cantata cycle, a chorale cantata on both songs, 1724 Take from us, Lord, God of truth ( BWV 101) and 1725 Oh God, how much heartache, BWV 3 in 1727, he began another cantata Oh God, how many a heartache, BWV 58, with the first verse of the hymn.
The list published in the German -speaking countries in the 16th century (VD 16) lists a total of 30 entries for Martin Moller, including:
- Meditationes sanctorum Patrum.Schöne, Andechtige prayer, comforting sayings, God blessed Gedancken ... From the Holy Altvätern: Augustino, Bernhardo, Taulero, VND others, hard working ... worn VND verdeutschet together. Görlitz: Part 1 1584 Part 2 1591 ( and many other editions)
- Manuale De praeparatione ad mortem. Heylsame VND very useful contemplation, as a Christian from God's Word sol learn Christian life, VND blessedly die. Görlitz 1593
Further, after 1600 titles released (see VD 17:
- Practice evangeliorum. Einfeltige of declaration and useful contemplation of the Gospels, are prescribed as auff to preach all Sontage and vornemesten hard Annually:. Frome Hertzen For all that secrete in present recent times the sin Lichen WeltLaufft and eye-catching appearance of our Lord Jesus wait Frewden ( Homilies in four volumes ). Görlitz 1601
- Kurtze Apologia and responsibility of several little teaching and consolation pieces so by Doctore Salomone Gesnero, professore to Wittenberg, where new außgangen beech, practice genandt evangeliorum, hostility and held suspect. Görlitz 1602
- Thesaurus precationum: Devotional Prayer, and comforting Seufftzen, from the ordinary Sontages and hard Gospels in them the teachings vornembsten unnd consolation, the text with bringeth forth, pulled to the right custom, and next to the Heyligen Our Father and psalms, can nutz with large daily are needed; With an ordinary register. Görlitz 1603
March 1st Evangelical calendar name.